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Oxford Circus

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Title: Oxford Circus  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: London Buses route 137, London Buses route 7, Regent Street, London Buses route 55, London Buses route 12
Collection: Road Junctions in London, Streets in the City of Westminster
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Oxford Circus

Oxford Circus
Panoramic view of Oxford Circus
Westminster, London
Roads at
Regent Street and Oxford Street
Type: Intersection

Oxford Circus is the busy intersection of Oxford Street (A40) and Regent Street in the West End of London. It is served by many bus routes and by Oxford Circus tube station, which is directly beneath the junction itself.

At the end of the 2000s, Oxford Circus had the highest pedestrian volumes recorded anywhere in London. At the busiest times, over 40,000 pedestrians per hour pass through the junction including those accessing the London Underground station.[1]


  • History 1
  • 2009 diagonal crossing 2
  • Major shops 3
  • Local museums 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


The Circus was constructed at the beginning of the 19th century, and was designed by John Nash.

2009 diagonal crossing

Oxford Circus with diagonal crossing

In 2009, Westminster City Council started a £4m pedestrianisation scheme for the area, allowing shoppers to cross the intersection diagonally as well as the traditional 'straight ahead', turning it into a "pedestrian scramble", much like Tokyo's Shibuya crossing.[2] Work started in Summer 2009, and the crossing opened on 2 November of the same year, by which time the cost had risen to £5 million.[3] Although London Mayor Boris Johnson declared it "a triumph for British engineering, Japanese innovation and good old common sense", it was noted that a fairly similar crossing in Balham, South London had previously opened in 2005 at a cost of £98,000, approximately 50 times cheaper. One was also created in Wood Green.

Major shops

Panorama view of the Oxford Circus diagonal crossing, 2014

Local museums


  1. ^ Atkins, ‘Scrambled’ pedestrian crossings at signal controlled junctions - A case study,
  2. ^ "Oxford Circus may get Tokyo look". BBC. 10 July 2008. 
  3. ^ "Oxford Circus 'X-crossing' opens". BBC. 2 November 2009. 

External links

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