Oxidized glutathione

Glutathione disulfide
Identifiers
Abbreviations GSSG
CAS number 27025-41-8 YesY
PubChem 11215652
ChemSpider 58835 N
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C20H32N6O12S2
Molar mass 612.631 g/mol
 N (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Glutathione disulfide (GSSG) is a disulfide derived from two glutathione molecules.[1]

In living cells, glutathione disulfide is reduced into two molecules of glutathione with reducing equivalents from the coenzyme NADPH. This reaction is catalyzed by the enzyme glutathione reductase.[2] Antioxidant enzymes, such as glutathione peroxidases and peroxiredoxins, generate glutathione disulfide during the reduction of peroxides such as hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and organic hydroperoxides (ROOH):[3]

2 GSH + ROOH → GSSG + ROH + H2O

Other enzymes, such as glutaredoxins, generate glutathione disulfide through thiol-disulfide exchange with protein disulfide bonds or other low molecular mass compounds, such as coenzyme A disulfide or dehydroascorbic acid.[4]

2 GSH + R-S-S-R → GSSG + 2 RSH

See also

References

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