World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0031917911
Reproduction Date:

Title: PATrain  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of inclines in Pittsburgh, Transit Expressway Revenue Line, Pittsburgh/On this day, Port Authority of Allegheny County, List of bus routes in Pittsburgh
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


The B&O's Grant Street station in Pittsburgh
Service type Commuter rail
Status Discontinued
Locale Monongahela Valley
Predecessor B&O Pittsburgh—Versailles service
First service February 1, 1975
Last service April 28, 1989
Former operator(s) PAT
Start Pittsburgh
Stops 3
End Versailles
Distance travelled 18.2 miles (29.3 km)
Average journey time 40 minutes
Service frequency Eight weekday round-trips (1983)
Train number(s) 101-118 (1983)
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Track owner(s) B&O

The PATrain, also known as the Mon Valley Commuter Rail, is a defunct commuter rail service formerly operated by the Port Authority of Allegheny County in the Monongahela Valley. Service began in 1975 when the Port Authority assumed control of the PittsburghMcKeesportVersailles commuter trains operated by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) (part of the Chessie System). The Port Authority discontinued the service in 1989.


Private operation

In the early 1970s the Port Authority (PAT), which since 1964 had controlled all bus and streetcar service in Allegheny County, had negotiated with the B&O and Pittsburgh and Lake Erie Railroad (P&LE), the last two private sector commuter operators in the region, about the possibility of expanded rail service. At the time the B&O operated six weekday round trips from Pittsburgh to Versailles, while the P&LE operated a single weekday round trip from Pittsburgh to Beaver Falls.[1] The Pennsylvania Railroad had ended service on its six commuter routes in 1964, citing lack of patronage.[2]

It's no secret that we're losing money. People are just going to have to realize that highways are not the answer to the nation's transportation woes.

Unnamed B&O official, 1972.[2]

Neither the B&O nor the P&LE showed much interest in expanded service, citing existing operating losses and declining patronage. PAT then proposed that it take ownership of the B&O's service, with the B&O operating it under contract. The B&O trains made the run from McKeesport to Pittsburgh in 25 minutes, twice as fast as comparable bus service. Among the strongest supporters in the local government were then-mayor Peter F. Flaherty and County Commissioner William Hunt.[2] Another champion was Harold Geissenheimer, PAT's director of transit operations. In 1974 PAT estimated capital costs for a three-year trial at $1.7 million, plus $1.9 million in operating costs. The capital costs would be split between the federal government, the state of Pennsylvania, and the county, and would include the purchase of two locomotives and nine coaches. PAT would increase the existing two-car trains to four-car trains, while also increasing frequency of service. The per-passenger subsidy was estimated at 95 cents, compared to between 6 and 13 cents for the typical bus passenger. Daily ridership then stood at 300; PAT's best case projection was 3,000.[3] A proposal by Hunt to extend service further to Elizabeth was unsuccessful: the route was owned by the P&LE, which requested $500,000 to rehabilitate the line. This the state would not provide, as the line would still mostly carry P&LE freight traffic and not commuters.[4]

The PAT takes over

On February 1, 1975, PAT took over the service from the B&O. By mid-1977, daily ridership had grown to 1,400, a significant increase over the B&O days. On the other hand, the per-passenger subsidy stood at $2.77, nearly three times the 1974 projection, while the bus subsidy was 8 cents per passenger. Defenders pointed out that the figure included capital costs (including a payment of $10,000 per month to the B&O for equipment leasing), which inflated costs and made the comparison inexact. In addition, the PATrain made the trip from Versailles to Pittsburgh in 23 minutes, while it took over an hour by bus.[5]

In 1978 PAT renewed its agreement with the B&O, and was finally able to secure the capital funding for the new equipment plus a new intermodal transportation center in McKeesport. The McKeesport Transportation Center opened on December 21, 1981. In addition to buses and the PATrain, the center saw service from Amtrak's Chicago—Washington Capitol Limited.[6][7] Additional capital improvements included the construction of new park and ride lots at Braddock and Versailles and the addition of a new stop at Port Vue.[8]

In mid-1979 service stood at eight round-trips Monday-Friday and five round-trips on Saturday. There was no service on Sundays. Three round-trips terminated at McKeesport, with the remainder continuing to Versailles. In a nod to railroad tradition the Port Authority assigned names to the trains: PATrain, Early Bird, Pittsburgher, Golden Triangle, Shopper, Mid Day, Mon Valley, McKeesporter, and Youghiogheny.[9]

Decline and discontinuance

Daily ridership peaked in 1981 at 1,800 during the reconstruction of Parkway East (which had spawned the short-lived PennDOT-operated Parkway Limited). By 1983 daily ridership had dropped below 1,300, spread over eight daily round trips. Operating expenses for FY 1982-1983 were $1.8 million, of which only $500,000 was recovered. PAT's operations director cited multiple factors, including fare increases, van pools, and a generally poor economic situation in the Monongahela Valley.[10]

PAT discontinued service after April 28, 1989, citing declining ridership and increasing operating losses. PAT instituted express bus service to cover the route.[11]


External images
PATrain heading downtown
PATrain at Versailles, 1981

Trains operated in push-pull mode. A typical consist in the 1980s was three-four coaches, the last of which was fitted for cab control. Motive power was provided by a pair of refurbished EMD F7A diesel-electric locomotives. The trains were painted in a brown-and-orange scheme. PAT owned ten ex-Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (C&O) coaches, all originally built by Pullman-Standard. When service ended in 1989 the equipment was sold to the Connecticut Department of Transportation to bootstrap the new Shore Line East service.[12][13] At times Budd Rail Diesel Cars were used instead.[9]


Inbound PATrains originated at Versailles (1st & Wampler). They then used P&LE Liberty Boro Bridge to cross the Youghiogheny River to reach Port Vue-Liberty (along River Road). Departing Port Vue, trains turned east and crossed the Youghiogheny a second time via the P&LE McKeesport Bridge to reach McKeesport (Lysle Boulevard & Sinclair). Trains then followed the north bank of the Monongahela River, heading north-northwest toward Braddock (6th & Washington). Finally, trains continued running west along the river to reach the B&O's Grant Street Station in downtown Pittsburgh. Grant Street was a commuter-only station; all B&O's intercity traffic used the P&LE's station on the opposite side of the river (now Station Square).[14]

See also


  1. ^ "PAT Signals For More Trains".  
  2. ^ a b c Walsh, Lawrence (January 23, 1972). "Rails Fail To Pull Riders From Autos".  
  3. ^ Leherr, Dave (January 3, 1974). "PAT Testing Feasibility Of McKeesport Rail Run".  
  4. ^ Leherr, Dave (February 1, 1974). "Hunt Backs PAT's Commuter Plan".  
  5. ^ Leherr, Dave (June 6, 1977). "PAT's Rail Experiment: Are Expenses Too High?".  
  6. ^ Grata, Joe (May 26, 1978). "Rail Pact OK'd For Mon Commuter".  
  7. ^ Fisher, Ken (December 22, 1981). "McKeesport transit station opens".  
  8. ^ Fisher, Ken (December 24, 1980). "Work starts on Mon Valley train stops".  
  9. ^ a b Port Authority of Allegheny County (June 17, 1979). "Mon Valley Commuter Rail". 
  10. ^ Fisher, Ken (October 6, 1983). "PAT's deficit rising as train ridership drops".  
  11. ^ Merriman, Woodene (April 25, 1989). "The PATrain's Last Ride".  
  12. ^ Bowen, Douglas John (November 1, 1990). "Commuter rail lines build and rebuild to meet rising demand".  
  13. ^ LaMay, Robert. "The Shore Line East Commuter Railroad in Pictures". Retrieved 2011-05-28. 
  14. ^  

External links

  • 1983 timetable
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.