World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Paphies ventricosa

Article Id: WHEBN0008722819
Reproduction Date:

Title: Paphies ventricosa  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Paphies, Paphies australis, Pecten maximus, Argopecten irradians, Placopecten magellanicus
Collection: Bivalves of New Zealand, Commercial Molluscs, Edible Molluscs, Mesodesmatidae
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Paphies ventricosa

Paphies ventricosa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order: Veneroida
Superfamily: Mactroidea
Family: Mesodesmatidae
Genus: Paphies
Species: P. ventricosa
Binomial name
Paphies ventricosa
(Gmelin, 1790)

Paphies ventricosa, or toheroa, (which means "long tongue" in the Māori language),[1] is a large bivalve mollusc of the family Mesodesmatidae, endemic to New Zealand. It is found in both the North and South Islands, but the main habitat is the west coast of the North Island. The best grounds are wide fine-sand beaches where there are extensive sand-dunes, enclosing freshwater, which percolates to the sea, there promoting the growth of diatoms and plankton generally.

The toheroa is a very large shellfish with a solid white, elongated shell with the apex at the middle. The toheroa has been an extremely popular seafood, often made into a greenish soup,[2] for which it has an international reputation. However it was over-exploited in the 1950s and 1960s, and a total and ongoing ban on harvesting is now in place.

Maximum length is 117 mm, height 81 mm, and thickness 38 mm.


  1. ^ Edward Samuel. "The Toheroa — New Zealand's Exclusive Shell-fish". The New Zealand Railways Magazine, Volume 11, Issue 4 (July 1, 1936). 
  2. ^ "Toheroa Soup". 
  • Checklist of New Zealand Mollusca
  • Powell A. W. B., New Zealand Mollusca, William Collins Publishers Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand 1979 ISBN 0-00-216906-1
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.