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Papyrus 23


Papyrus 23

Papyrus 23 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), designated by \mathfrak{P}23, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Epistle of James, it contains only James 1:10-12,15-18. The manuscript paleographically has been assigned to the early 3rd century.[1]


The Nomina sacra are written fully, abbreviations are used only at the end of lines.[2] There has been noticed the occurrence of the ungrammatical αποσκιασματος found also in Codex Sinaiticus and Vaticanus in James 1:17.

The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type (or rather proto-Alexandrian). Aland placed it in Category I.[3] This manuscript displays the greatest agreement with codices א A C, which represent the best text of the Catholic epistles, and then with Codex Vaticanus and Papyrus 74.[1]

It is currently housed at the University of Illinois (G. P. 1229) in Urbana, Illinois.[3][4]

See also


Further reading

  • X, (London 1914), pp. 16-18.
  • R. H. Charles, Revelation of St. John, ICC, vol. II (Edinbourgh, 1920), pp. 448-450.

External links

Grenfell and Hunt
  • (P.Oxy 1229) recto James 1:10-12
  • (P.Oxy 1229) verso James 1:15-18
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