World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Paris Métro Line 7

Article Id: WHEBN0003409857
Reproduction Date:

Title: Paris Métro Line 7  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Châtelet (Paris Métro), Gare de l'Est (Paris Métro), Stalingrad (Paris Métro), Place d'Italie (Paris Métro), Paris Métro Line 1
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Paris Métro Line 7

Line 7
Paris metro station Porte d'Ivry – line 7
Overview
System Paris Métro
Termini La Courneuve – 8 Mai 1945
Villejuif - Louis Aragon / Mairie d'Ivry
Connecting lines

Stations 38
Ridership 120.7 million (avg. per year)
3
Operation
Opened 5 November 1910
Operator(s) RATP
Rolling stock MF 77, 5 carriages per trainset
Technical
Line length 22.4 km (13.9 mi)
Route map
Cité de l'air et de l'éspace proposed
Le Bourget
La Courneuve - 8 Mai 1945
Fort d'Aubervilliers
Aubervilliers - Pantin - Quatre Chemins
de la Villette Shops
Porte de la Villette
Canal Saint-Denis
Corentin Cariou
Crimée
Riquet
Stalingrad
Pré Saint-Gervais
Place des Fêtes
Danube
Botzaris
Buttes Chaumont
Bolivar
Jaurès
Louis Blanc
Château-Landon
Gare de l'Est
Poissonnière
Cadet
Le Peletier
Chaussée d'Antin - La Fayette
Opéra
Pyramides
Palais Royal - Musée du Louvre
Pont Neuf
Châtelet
Pont Marie
Sully - Morland
Seine
Jussieu
Place Monge
Censier - Daubenton
Les Gobelins
Place d'Italie
Tolbiac
Maison Blanche
Porte d'Italie
Porte de Choisy
Porte d'Ivry
de Choisy Shops
Pierre et Marie Curie
Mairie d'Ivry
Le Kremlin-Bicêtre
Villejuif - Léo Lagrange
Villejuif - Paul Vaillant-Couturier
Villejuif - Louis Aragon

Paris Métro Line 7 is one of sixteen lines of the Paris Métro system. Crossing the capital from its north-eastern to south-eastern sections via a moderately curved path, it links La Courneuve – 8 Mai 1945 in the north with Mairie d'Ivry and Villejuif – Louis Aragon in the south, while passing through important parts of central Paris.

Line 7 began operating in 1910 and, along with Line 13, is one of only two Métro lines that has a branch. Originally located in the northeast and splitting at Louis Blanc, it was transferred in 1967 to what is now Line 7bis. In 1982, a new branch was added in the southeast to Mairie d'Ivry, branching off at Maison Blanche. Line 7 has only steel rails.

At 18.6 km (12 mi), Line 7 is one of the longest in the Paris Métro network. In addition, it contains the most stations as well as being the third most-used line of the Métro, with 120.7 million riders in 2004.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
    • Chronology 1.1
    • Future 1.2
  • Route and stations 2
    • Route 2.1
    • Renamed stations 2.2
  • Tourism 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

Chronology

  • 5 November 1910: Line 7 was opened linking Opéra to Porte de la Villette.
  • 18 January 1911: A new branch was opened from Louis Blanc to Pré-Saint-Gervais.
  • 1 July 1916: The line was extended in the south from Opéra to Palais Royal.
  • 16 April 1926: The line was extended from Palais Royal to Pont Marie.
  • 15 February 1930: While a tunnel was being built on line 7 to cross the River Seine, a new section between Place Monge and Place d'Italie was opened and temporarily operated as part of Line 10.
  • 3 June 1930: The line was extended from Pont Marie to Pont de Sully.
  • 7 March 1930: That section temporarily operating as part of Line 10 was extended from Place d'Italie to Porte de Choisy.
  • 26 April 1931: The section between Pont de Sully and Place Monge was opened. The section between Place Monge and Porte de Choisy was transferred to Line 7 and it was extended to Porte d'Ivry simultaneously.
  • 1 May 1946: The line was extended from Porte d'Ivry to Mairie d'Ivry.
  • 1967: Because of a lack of traffic, the northern branch of the line 7 between Louis Blanc and Pré-Saint-Gervais became a new independent line known as Line 7bis.
  • 4 October 1979: The line was extended to the north from Porte de la Villette to Fort d'Aubervilliers.
  • 10 December 1982: A new branch was opened to the south from Maison Blanche to Le Kremlin-Bicêtre.
  • 28 February 1985 : The line was extended from Le Kremlin-Bicêtre to Villejuif Louis Aragon.
  • 6 May 1987: The line was extended from Fort d'Aubervilliers to La Courneuve – 8 mai 1945.

Future

Route and stations

Geographically accurate diagram of Paris metro line 7

Route

Line 7 runs for 18.6 km (12 mi) completely underground, stopping at 38 stations. Southbound trains terminate alternately at Villejuif - Louis Aragon and Mairie d'Ivry, diverging at Maison Blanche. Late at night, through trains only operate to Mairie d'Ivry; a shuttle train to Villejuif originates at Maison Blanche.

In the north, the line begins at La Courneuve in the department of Seine-Saint-Denis at the intersection of National Routes 2 and 186. La Courneuve station acts as a transfer between the Métro and Paris' fragmented, suburban tramway system, with a station on Paris Tramway Line 1 (T1). Unlike most stations in Paris, there are three tracks, the central one used for departures and arrivals.

Running below National Route 2 (RN2), the line heads to the south-west, entering Paris in two single-line tunnels so as to avoid a now-unused terminal loop at Porte de la Villette. It then descends a 4% grade below Canal Saint-Denis and then climbs back up to stop at Corentin Cariou. Two stations beyond, Line 7 reaches Stalingrad, an important transfer point in the Métro system, where the line turns to run below Rue La Fayette.[2]

Renamed stations

Date Old name New name
1 November 1926 Pont Notre-Dame Pont Notre-Dame – Pont au Change
15 April 1934 Pont Notre-Dame – Pont au Change Châtelet
6 October 1942 Boulevard de la Villette Aubervilliers – Boulevard de la Villette
10 February 1946 Pont de Flandre Corentin Cariou
Aubervilliers – Boulevard de la Villette Stalingrad
1989 Chaussée d'Antin Chaussée d'Antin – La Fayette
8 March 2007 Pierre Curie Pierre et Marie Curie

Tourism

Metro Line 7 passes near several places of interest :

See also

References

  1. ^ Les chriffres 2005 STIF Retrieved 23 October 2010 (French)
  2. ^ Tricoire, Jean. Un siècle de métro en 14 lignes. De Bienvenüe à Météor

External links

  • (French) RATP Official Website (French)
  • (English) RATP English-language website
  • (English) Interactive Map of the RER (from RATP's website)
  • (English) Interactive Map of the Paris Métro (from RATP's website)
  • (French) Mobidf website, dedicated to the RER (unofficial)
  • (French) Metro-Pole website, dedicated to Paris public transport (unofficial)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.