World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Pendley Manor

Article Id: WHEBN0033648073
Reproduction Date:

Title: Pendley Manor  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Holywell House, Hertfordshire, The Brocket Arms, Church of Saint Leonard, Bengeo, Stagenhoe, Scott's Grotto
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Pendley Manor

The main frontage of Pendley Manor dating from 1872.

Pendley Manor is a hotel, conference and function center near Tring, Hertfordshire, UK. It is an historic country house and is grade 2 listed as an important example of Victorian architecture.

History

A village of Pendley is recorded from the 4th century AD.[1] The manor pre dates the Norman conquest of 1066, at which it was confiscated by William the Conqueror and passed to his brother in law, Robert, Earl of Moretain. A later owner was John de Angle, an early Member of Parliament.

The manor land then passed to the Verney family when Sir Robert Whittingham's daughter married John Verney.

Around 1440 Sir Robert Whittingam, sheriff of the county, enclosed 200 acres of the land and tore down all other buildings within, which at the time amounted to a small town, returning them to pasture.[1] He built a manor house at the western end of the now demolished town as a double cloistered courtyard similar to those found at Herstmonceux Castle and Eton College.[2][3] Whittingham subsequently obtained a papal licence to build a chapel at the manor-house and engage a priest to hold services there when the roads became impassable in winter.[4]

The Verney family lived at the medieval manor for the next 150 years. The Anderson family then occupied it for four generations from 1606-7 on, after which it was inherited by the Harcourt family . Sir William Harcourt abandoned the Manor after the construction of the nearby London and Birmingham Railway which he saw as an intolerable nuisance. The ancient buildings burnt down soon after in 1835.[5][6]

A Local landowner and mill owner, Joseph Grout Williams commissioned architect John Lion to build a new Tudor style Manor, the present building, in 1872. He and his descendants then occupied the Victorian Manor from 1875 until 1983.

The last private owner was BBC show jumping commentator Dorian Williams, who developed it as a center for adult education and the arts after the second World War. He inaugurated the Pendley Open Air Shakespeare Festival in 1949 in the hotel grounds which continues to run to the present day.[5][6] The grounds have two landscaped open air theatres. The Court Theatre has permanently occupied the former stables to the estate since 1978 and presents a full programme of drama and musical performance.[7]

The house was sold to a property company in 1983 and then in 1989 to a hotel company which invested in the building and re-opened it as a country house hotel in 1991. There have since been several extensions built to house additional rooms, a spa and gymnasium and a banqueting / conference suite.[5][6]

References

  1. ^ a b Quinlan, Ray (2003). The Greater Ridgeway: A Walk Along the Ancient Route From Lyme Regis to Hunstanton. Cicerone Press. p. 158.  
  2. ^ Emery, Anthony (2000). Greater Medieval Houses of England and Wales, 1300-1500: East Anglia, Central England, and Wales. Cambridge University Press. pp. 186, 176 ,.  
  3. ^ Reynolds, Chris (2001–2011). "Pendley Manor". Hertfordshire Genealogy. Retrieved 5 November 2011. 
  4. ^ WHITTINGHAM, Robert (d.1452), of London and Pendley, Herts. at the History of Parliament. Accessed November 2013
  5. ^ a b c Our history at the Pendley Manor Hotel web site. Accessed 5 Nov 2011.
  6. ^ a b c Pendley Manor - A short history. Available at the hotel reception. November 2011
  7. ^ http://www.courttheatre.co.uk/index.html The Court Theatre

External links

  • Official Hotel website

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.