World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Peru, Maine

Article Id: WHEBN0000116087
Reproduction Date:

Title: Peru, Maine  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Oxford County, Maine, Sumner, Maine, Canton, Maine, List of towns in Maine, Peru (disambiguation)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Peru, Maine

Peru, Maine
Town
Bird's-eye View
Bird's-eye View
Peru, Maine is located in Maine
Peru, Maine
Location within the state of Maine
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Maine
County Oxford
Incorporated 1821
Area[1]
 • Total 47.60 sq mi (123.28 km2)
 • Land 46.68 sq mi (120.90 km2)
 • Water 0.92 sq mi (2.38 km2)
Elevation 807 ft (246 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,541
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 1,529
 • Density 33.0/sq mi (12.7/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 04290
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-58270
GNIS feature ID 0582673

Peru is a town in Oxford County, Maine, United States. The population was 1,541 at the 2010 census. In 1970 the town had 1345 residents.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Demographics 3
    • 2010 census 3.1
    • 2000 census 3.2
  • Notable people 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

It was granted by the Peru, the South American country which declared independence from Spain on July 28, 1821.[4]

With dark soil free from stones, farming was an early industry. The chief crop was hay, and raising sheep became a common occupation. In addition, there were five sawmills which manufactured long and short lumber, as well as specialty products like wooden bowls. In 1870, the population was 931.[5]

Formerly possessing an independent public school department, Peru joined Maine School Administrative District 21 in 2006.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 47.60 square miles (123.28 km2), of which, 46.68 square miles (120.90 km2) of it is land and 0.92 square miles (2.38 km2) is water.[1] Peru is drained by the Androscoggin River. Worthley Pond, 2 miles long by half a mile wide, is in the southern part of the town.

Demographics

2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,541 people, 629 households, and 446 families residing in the town. The population density was 33.0 inhabitants per square mile (12.7/km2). There were 909 housing units at an average density of 19.5 per square mile (7.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.6% White, 0.6% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.3% of the population.

There were 629 households of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 29.1% were non-families. 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.82.

The median age in the town was 47 years. 18.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.4% were from 25 to 44; 36.3% were from 45 to 64; and 16.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.5% male and 50.5% female.

2000 census

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 1,515 people, 585 households, and 436 families residing in the town. The population density was 32.3 people per square mile (12.5/km²). There were 849 housing units at an average density of 18.1 per square mile (7.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.27% White, 0.33% Native American, 0.13% Asian, and 0.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.40% of the population.

There were 585 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.8% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.3% were non-families. 19.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 2.98.

West Peru from Dixfield in 1906

In the town the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 99.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $38,083, and the median income for a family was $43,047. Males had a median income of $32,171 versus $23,214 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,383. About 3.4% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010".  
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  3. ^ "Population Estimates".  
  4. ^ Maine Genealogy: Peru, Oxford County, Maine
  5. ^ Varney, George J. (1886), Gazetteer of the state of Maine. Peru, Boston: Russell 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder".  

External links

  • Town of Peru, Maine
  • Oxford County Online -- Town of Peru
  • Worthley Pond Association

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.