World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Phoenix (son of Amyntor)

Article Id: WHEBN0000049124
Reproduction Date:

Title: Phoenix (son of Amyntor)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ajax (mythology), Hector, Chiron, Achilles, Phoenix
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Phoenix (son of Amyntor)

Briseis and Phoenix, red-figure kylix, c. 490 BC, Louvre (G 152).[1]

In Greek mythology, Phoenix (Greek: Φοῖνιξ Phoinix, gen.: Φοίνικος), son of Amyntor and Cleobule, is one of the Myrmidons led by Achilles in the Trojan War. Phoenix's warfaring identity is a charioteer.

Of Phoenix's life before the Trojan War, it is related that he seduced his father's concubine at the instigation of his mother. Having heard about this, Amyntor punished his son by cursing him with infertility.[2] Phoenix fled to Peleus, who in his turn took him to Chiron; the latter restored Phoenix's sight, whereupon Peleus made Phoenix king of the Dolopes.[3][4] He participated in the hunt for the Calydonian Boar.[5][6]

In Homer's Iliad,[7] Phoenix, along with Odysseus and Ajax, urges Achilles to re-enter battle. He gives the most passionate and emotional speech of the three, as evidenced by his crying.[8] Phoenix deeply cares about Achilles, whom he had helped raise as a child: ("So you, Achilles- great godlike Achilles I made you my son, I tried, so someday you might fight disaster off my back. But now, Achilles, beat down your mounting fury! It's wrong to have such an iron, ruthless heart."[9]) It is possible that his speech was a later addition to the epic, as Achilles continually uses a special dual verb form in speaking with his guests, rather than a more appropriate plural form.[10] However, it has been suggested that Achilles speaks only to Phoenix and Ajax, ignoring Odysseus, to whose guile he bears a considerable dislike. ("I hate like the gates of Hades the man who says one thing and holds another in his heart."[11])

Phoenix also makes a cameo in Virgil's Aeneid. As Aeneas is searching his fallen Troy for his wife Creusa, he glimpses Phoenix and Odysseus guarding their loot in Priam's palace.[12]

Phoenix was said to have died on his way back from Troy and to have been buried by Neoptolemus[13] either in Eion, Macedonia,[14] or in Trachis, Thessaly.[15]

References

  1. ^ Beazley Archive 203900.
  2. ^ Homer Iliad
  3. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 13. 8
  4. ^ Tzetzes on Lycophron, 421
  5. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae, 173
  6. ^ Ovid, Metamorphoses, 8. 307
  7. ^ Iliad, 9. 220 ff
  8. ^ Il. 9. 434 ff
  9. ^ Il. 9. 492 - 497
  10. ^ But several scholars believe the speech to be integral; e.g., see S. C. R. Swain, "A Note on Iliad 9.524-99," Classical Quarterly 38 (1988), 271-76.
  11. ^ Il. 9. 314
  12. ^ Aeneid, 2. 763-764
  13. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca Epitome of Book 4, 6. 12
  14. ^ Tzetzes on Lycophron, 417
  15. ^ Strabo, Geography, 9. 4. 14

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.