World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Pi Kappa Phi

Pi Kappa Phi
ΠΚΦ
Founded December 10, 1904 (1904-12-10)
College of Charleston
Type Social, Secret
Scope United States
Mission statement To create an uncommon and lifelong brotherhood that develops leaders and encourages service to others for the betterment of our communities.
Vision statement A future where every Pi Kappa Phi embraces his role as a leader, puts service before self and improves the world around him.[1]
Motto OΥΔΕΝ ΔΙΑΣΠΑΣΕΙ ΗΜΑΣ
"Nothing shall ever tear us asunder"
Colors White, Gold, Royal Blue             
Symbol Bell, Star & Lamp
Flower Red Rose
Jewel Diamond
Publication The Star and Lamp
Philanthropy The Ability Experience
Chapters 179[2]
Colonies 19[3]
Members 9,892 (as of 2013)[2] collegiate
113,148 (as of 2013)[2] lifetime
Headquarters 2015 Ayrsley Town Blvd Ste
#200
P.O. Box 240526

Charlotte, North Carolina
Homepage .org.pikappwww

Pi Kappa Phi (ΠΚΦ; also Pi Kapp or PKP) is an American Greek Letter secret and social fraternity. It was founded by Andrew Alexander Kroeg Jr., Lawrence Harry Mixson, and Simon Fogarty Jr. on December 10, 1904 at the College of Charleston in Charleston, South Carolina. The fraternity has 179 active chapters (160 chartered chapters and 19 associate chapters),[2][3] and more than 113,000 initiated members.[2][4]

Pi Kappa Phi operates its own philanthropy, The Ability Experience (formerly known as Push America), which works with individual chapters to serve people with disabilities.[5]

Contents

  • History 1
    • Nu Phi 1.1
    • Founding 1.2
    • Expansion 1.3
    • The Star and Lamp 1.4
  • Controversies 2
  • Alumni 3
  • Chapters 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

Nu Phi

Pi Kappa Phi was founded in 1904 by Andrew Alexander Kroeg Jr., a 19-year-old senior at the college; Simon Fogarty Jr., a 17-year-old junior; and Lawrence Harry Mixson, a 16-year-old sophomore. All three of the men were from Charleston.

In 1904, the College of Charleston was a small, municipal college. The all-male college was the first to be supported solely by city funds, and the eleventh oldest in the United States. The school had a campus literary society called the Chrestomathics, which held activities such as debates. The college's monthly magazine was staffed by the officers of the Chrestomathics, forming the equivalent of a modern-day student government.

The three men set a goal to obtain officer positions within the Chrestomathic Literary Society. At that time, the organization was dominated by the three chapters of national fraternities on campus. All fraternity men were sworn to vote for their candidates, making it virtually impossible for any non-fraternity men to win election.

Kroeg, Mixson, Fogarty, and a group of their friends, all non-fraternity men, began forming an opposition party. Several meetings were held at Mixson's home on Wentworth Street leading to the formation of Nu Phi, which stood for "non-fraternity." The group of 15 men developed an opposing slate and began campaigning. Nu Phi adopted the outline of a hand as its secret symbol. A sketched hand on a classroom chalkboard signified an upcoming meeting. Inside the hand was written the meeting time and the host's last name.

The Nu Phi group assigned a member to kidnap those who might vote for the fraternity ticket on election day. However, the Nu Phi ticket lost the elections. Later, it was revealed that several disloyal members cast their votes for the opposing fraternity slate. Kroeg, determined to see his friends have a chance at winning elections, decided that the only way to gain the influence of the fraternity men on campus was to begin his own fraternity.[6]

Founding

On December 10, 1904, a meeting of the loyal Nu Phis was held at Fogarty's home at 90 Broad Street to establish a new fraternity. There were seven men in attendance at the meeting: Kroeg, Fogarty, Mixson, Anthony Pelzer Wagener, Thomas F. Mosimann, Theodore ("Teddy") Barnwell Kelley, and James Fogarty (Simon's younger brother). All of the original members were students at the college and had grown up together in Charleston.[6]

Wagener, who was a student of Greek and Latin, recommended the letters Pi Kappa Phi and their secret meaning as the official new name of the group. Simon proposed the design of the fraternity's pin, a black enamel diamond with the Greek letters ΠΚΦ engraved in gold with a star and lamp as additional elements. Kroeg was selected as the new chapter's first president, which was termed "Archon", from the Greek term. He then began work on a constitution for chapter. The group quickly set out to recruit new members to its ranks.[6]

On December 10, 1905, the first anniversary of the fraternity's founding, Mixson's mother cooked the men a special dinner in her home to celebrate a successful first year as a fraternity. The fraternity celebrate that date as "Founders Day" with a dinner or a similar ceremony. In 1906 Mixson and Wagener wrote the fraternity's initiation ritual as the "highest ideals of Christian manhood".[6]

Expansion

That same year, the group was offered a charter from another U.S. fraternity. Instead, they chose to expand and create more Pi Kappa Phi chapters. A second chapter ("Beta Chapter") was formed at Presbyterian College on March 9, 1907. Due to a state law banning fraternities at state supported schools, Presbyterian College and the College of Charleston were the only two South Carolina schools where fraternities were allowed. A third chapter was formed at the University of California, Berkeley, which was the first chapter to obtain a house.

Kroeg developed "Articles of Incorporation" and the name Pi Kappa Phi became legally registered in the state of South Carolina on December 23, 1907.

The interest in Pi Kappa Phi within South Carolina was growing despite laws and policies banning fraternities. In 1909, Delta Chapter at University of South Carolina and the chapter was operated as the Sigma Club due to the laws banning fraternities.[6]

The Star and Lamp

The Pi Kappa Phi Fraternity Journal was begun in 1909, with Henry Wagener as editor. In 1911, the name was changed to the Star & Lamp.[6]

Controversies

An alleged pledge notebook of Pi Kappa Phi's


  • Pi Kappa Phi National Headquarters
  • Pi Kappa Phi Chapters List
  • PiKappsOnline forum

External links

  1. ^
  2. ^ a b c d e f g
  3. ^ a b c ; as revised/updated by:
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b c d e f
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^ Owens, Caitlin; Vives, Ruben (September 5, 2014) "Cal State Northridge fraternity shuts after pledge's death" Los Angeles Times http://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-ln-csun-fraternity-closing-pledge-death-20140905-story.html
  13. ^ http://www.wxii12.com/news/elon-university-shuts-down-pi-kappa-phi-through-2017/31951288
  14. ^ http://www.knoxnews.com/news/police-arrest-second-ut-student-in-fraternity
  15. ^ http://www.news4jax.com/news/UNF-suspends-Pi-Kappa-Phi-fraternity-for-hazing/8774828

References

See also

As of 2013 Pi Kappa Phi reports having over 113,000 members.[2] Pi Kappa Phi has granted 231 charters, with an average chapter size of 55. There are 160 active chartered chapters plus 19 associate chapters (colonies).[2][3]

The Omicron chapter at the University of Alabama

Chapters

Alumni

In 2012, the fraternity at the University of North Florida was suspended after asking a pledge to vandalize the campus and offering him marijuana.[15]

In December 2013, two Pi Kappa Phi members were arrested and charged with harassment at the University of Tennessee at Knoxville. The fraternity members were retaliating against a former pledge who reported to school officials physical and verbal abuse he experienced while he was interested in joining the fraternity.[14]

In Spring 2015, the fraternity at the Elon University was kicked off the campus until 2017 for hazing and hosting an unapproved event.[13]

A student pledging the California State University, Northridge chapter of Pi Kappa Phi died in the summer of 2014 during a mandatory 18-mile hike in what his family alleges was a hazing ritual.[9] Nineteen-year-old Armando Villa died during the trip to the Angeles National Forest. Villa's family reported that other boys on the hike said they were "left barefoot with very little water to share between the boys, and no cellphones, and to find their way out of the forest."[10] The police reported that the fraternity was cooperating with the police investigation and that chapter activities had been suspended until the investigation concluded.[11] In September 2014, the University announced that the national and local chapters of the Pi Kappa Phi fraternity voted to withdraw permanently from the university.[12] The fraternity is being sued by Villa's family.

[8][7]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.