World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Pizza Principle

Article Id: WHEBN0009953081
Reproduction Date:

Title: Pizza Principle  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: New York City Subway, New York City transit fares, 6 (New York City Subway service), Economy of New York City, Economics laws
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Pizza Principle

The Pizza Principle, or the Pizza-Subway Connection, in New York City, is a humorous but generally historically accurate "economic law" proposed by native New Yorker Eric M. Bram.[1] He noted in 1980 that from the early 1960s "the price of a slice of pizza has matched, with uncanny precision, the cost of a New York subway ride."[1]

In 1985, the late The New York Times.[2] The term "Pizza Connection" referring to this phenomenon was coined in early 2002 by New York Times columnist Clyde Haberman. He made the observation that the theory had been used by New Yorkers to predict the cost of a slice of pizza would increase by as high as two dollars in midtown Manhattan,[3] and commented on the two earlier publications of the theory in the Times.[4]

In May 2003, The New Yorker magazine proclaimed the validity of the Pizza Connection (now called the pizza principle) in accurately predicting the rise of the subway (and bus) fare to $2.00 the week before.[5] They also quoted Mr. Bram (by then a patent attorney[6]) as warning that since the New York City Transit Authority had announced the discontinuation of the subway token itself[7] in favor of the variable-fare cost MetroCard (also used on the buses at that point), the direct correlation between the cost of an off-the-street slice of cheese pizza and the cost of a subway token might not continue to hold.

In 2005,[8] and again in 2007,[9] Haberman noted the price of a slice was again rising, and, citing the Pizza Connection, worried that the subway/bus fare might soon rise again. The fare did indeed rise to $2.25 in June 2009, and again in 2013 to $2.50.[10] Other New York City news organizations occasionally report that the ability of the Pizza Principle to predict price rises in the cost of a single-ride subway/bus fare in the city seems to be holding true.[11]


  1. ^ a b Glenn Collins, Metropolitan Diary, The New York Times, 18 June 1980, p.C2
  2. ^ George Fasel, "If You Understand Pizza, You Understand Subway Fares," The New York Times 14 December 1985, p.27
  3. ^ Clyde Haberman, "Beware The Price Of a Slice," The New York Times, 12 January 2002,
  4. ^ Clyde Haberman, "As Inevitable As Pepperoni: Higher Fares," The New York Times, 9 July 2002.
  5. ^ Nick Paumgarten, "Two Bucks," The New Yorker, 19 May 2003.
  6. ^ United States Patent and Trademark Office Reg. No. 37,285
  7. ^ Richard Pérez Peña, "Farewell, Subway Token," The New York Times, 15 March 2003.
  8. ^ Clyde Haberman, "Digging Deep for a Slice of the Pie," The New York Times, 21 June 2005.
  9. ^ Clyde Haberman, "Will Subway Fares Rise? Check at Your Pizza Place," The New York Times, 27 July 2007.
  10. ^ Nate Freeman, "With Subway Fare Upped to $2.50, Will Pizza Slice Prices Follow Suit?," The New York Observer, 7 October 2010.
  11. ^ Garth Johnston, "The Pizza Principle Is Alive And Well!," Gothamist, 28 Jun 2012.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.