World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0001886778
Reproduction Date:

Title: Pleistarchus  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Leonidas I, 5th century BC, Pleistoanax, Gorgo, Queen of Sparta, Leon of Sparta
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Father Leonidas I[1]
Mother Queen Gorgo
Born Sparta
Died 458 BC

Pleistarchus or Plistarch (Ancient Greek: Πλείσταρχος Pleistarkhos; died 458 BC) was the Agiad King of Sparta from 480 to 458 BC.[2]


  • Family 1
  • Biography 2
  • In popular culture 3
  • Family tree 4
  • Notes 5


Pleistarchus was born as a Queen Gorgo.

His grandparents were Kings Anaxandridas II and Cleomenes I.[3] He was born from an avunculate marriage – his parents were uncle and niece.[4]

His uncle Cleombrotus was his tutor.[5]

It is unknown whether Pleistarchus was married.


It is possible that Pleistarchus was exempt from the agōgē, the rigorous education and training regimen mandated for all male Spartan citizens, except for the crown prince.

Pleistarchus' father King Leonidas perished in 480 BC at the Battle of Thermopylae. For the early part of Pleistarchus' reign, first his uncle Cleombrotus and then, after Cleombrotus' death (in 479 BC), his cousin Pausanias acted as regent because Pleistarchus was not of age.[6]

The successor of Pleistarchus was Pleistoanax, son of Pausanias.

In popular culture

Pleistarchus as king of the Spartans is a major character in Sacred Games, by Gary Corby.

A young Pleistarchus was portrayed by Giovani Cimmino in the 2007 feature film 300.

A young Pleistarchus (titled Leo Jr.) was portrayed by Hunter Clary in the 2008 parody feature film Meet the Spartans.

Family tree


  1. ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology/Pleistarchus 1.
  2. ^ Jona Lendering (2006-03-31). "Eurypontids and Agiads". Retrieved 2011-07-24. 
  3. ^ Herodotus; Histories, A. D. Godley (translator), Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1920; ISBN 0-674-99133-8. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library.
  4. ^ "Gorgo of Sparta". 2011-07-07. Retrieved 2011-07-24. 
  5. ^ Herodotus, The Greek-Persian War (Osiris, Budapest, 2000) ISBN 963-379-309-2
  6. ^ The History of the Peloponnesian War by Thucydides
Preceded by
Leonidas I
Agiad King of Sparta
480 – 458 BC
Succeeded by
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.