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Politics of Calabria

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Politics of Calabria

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Calabria

The Politics of Calabria, Italy takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democracy, whereby the President of Regional Government is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the Regional Government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Regional Council.

Executive

The Regional Government (Giunta Regionale) is presided by the President of the Region (Presidente della Regione), who is elected for a five-year term, and is composed by the President and the Ministers (Assessori), who are currently 11, including a Vice President (Vice Presidente).[1]

List of Presidents

# Portrait Name
(Birth-death)
Term in office Party Coalition Legislatura
1 Antonio Guarasci
(1918–1974)
7 June 1970 1974 Christian Democracy DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
7 June 1970 – 1974
I (1970)
2 Aldo Ferrara
(–)
1974 15 June 1975 Christian Democracy DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
1974 – 15 June 1975
3 Pasquale Perugini
(1926–1996)
15 June 1975 1976 Christian Democracy DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
15 June 1975 – 1976
II (1975)
- Aldo Ferrara
(–)
1976 8 June 1980 Christian Democracy DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
1976 – 8 June 1980
4 Bruno Dominijanni
(1922–2004)
8 June 1980 12 May 1985 Italian Socialist Party DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
8 June 1980 – 12 May 1985
III (1980)
5 Francesco Principe
(1918–2008)
12 May 1985 1987 Italian Socialist Party DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
12 May 1985 – 1987
IV (1985)
6 Rosario Olivo
(1940–)
1987 1992 Italian Socialist Party DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
1987 – 16 May 1990
1990 1992 DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
16 May 1990 – 1992
V (1990)
7 Guido Rhodio
(1935–)
1992 1993 Christian Democracy DC - PSI - PDS - PRI
1992 – 1993
1993 1994 DC - PSI - PSDI
1993 – 1994
Elected presidents (1993-present)
8 Donato Veraldi
(1941–)
1994 23 April 1995 Italian People's Party PPI - PSI - PDS
1994 – 23 April 1995
9 Giuseppe Nisticò
(1941–)
23 April 1995 11 August 1998 Forza Italia FI - AN - CCD
23 April 1995 – 11 August 1998
VI (1995)
10 Giovambattista Caligiuri
(1944–)
11 August 1998 22 January 1999 Forza Italia FI - AN - UDR
11 August 1998 – 22 January 1999
11 Luigi Meduri
(1942–)
22 January 1999 16 April 2000 Italian People's Party DS - PPI - UDEUR - FL - Greens
22 January 1999 – 16 April 2000
12 Giuseppe Chiaravalloti
(1934– )
16 April 2000 20 April 2005 Forza Italia FI - AN - CCD-CCD
16 April 2000 – 20 April 2005
VII (2000)
12 Agazio Loiero
(1940–)
20 April 2005 30 March 2010 The Daisy then
Democratic Party
Democratic Party - UDEUR - SDI - PRC - IDV - PdCI
20 April 2005 – 30 March 2010
VIII (2005)
13 Giuseppe Scopelliti
(1966–)
30 March 2010 26 April 2015 The People of Freedom PdL - UDC
30 March 2010 – 29 April 2014
IX (2010)

Legislative branch

The Regional Council of Calabria (Consiglio Regionale della Calabria) is composed of 50 members. 40 councillors are elected in provincial constituencies by proportional representation using the largest remainder method with a Droop quota and open lists, while 10 councillors (elected in bloc) come from a "regional list", including the President-elect. One seat is reserved for the candidate who comes second. If a coalition wins more than 50% of the total seats in the Council with PR, only 5 candidates from the regional list will be chosen and the number of those elected in provincial constituencies will be 45. If the winning coalition receives less than 40% of votes, special seats are added to the Council to ensure a large majority for the President's coalition. Parties obtaining less than 4% receive no seats, no matter if they are in coalition with larger parties or not.[2]

The Council is elected for a five-year term, but, if the President suffers a vote of no confidence, resigns or dies, under the simul stabunt, simul cadent clause introduced in 1999 (literally they will stand together or they will fall together), also the Council is dissolved and a snap election is called.[3]

Parties and elections

Latest regional election

In the latest regional election, which took place on 23 November 2014, Mario Oliverio of the Democratic Party was elected President by a landslide.

Candidates & parties votes votes (%) seats
Mario Oliverio 490,229 61.4 19
Democratic Party (incl. PSI) 185,209 23.7 9
Oliverio President 97,618 12.5 5
Progressive Democrats 56,928 7.3 3
Calabria in Network (incl. DKR, PRI, etc.) 40,763 5.2 1
The Left (incl. SEL and PdCI) 34,120 4.4 1
Autonomy and Rights 29,312 3.7 -
Democratic Centre 26,831 3.4 -
New United Christian Democrats 12,007 1.5 -
Wanda Ferro 188,288 23.6 8
Forza Italia 96,066 12.3 5
House of Freedoms 67,189 8.6 3
Brothers of Italy 19,353 2.5 -
Vincenzo D'Ascola 69,521 8.7 3
New Centre-Right 47,574 6.1 3
Union of the Centre 21,020 2.7 -
Cono Cantelmi 39,658 5.0 -
Five Star Movement 38,345 4.9 -
Domenico Gattuso 10,567 1.3 -
The Other Calabria (incl. PRC) 10,062 1.3 -
Total 836,531 100.00 30

Sources: Ministry of the Interior

References

  1. ^ Regione Calabria - Giunta
  2. ^ La Repubblica – Regional electoral law
  3. ^ Regional Council of Lombardy – 1999 Constitutional law

External links

  • Calabria Region
  • Regional Council of Calabria
  • Constitution of Calabria
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