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Pontifical Commission for the Protection of Minors

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Title: Pontifical Commission for the Protection of Minors  
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Subject: Pontifical Commission for the Protection of Minors, Pontifical Commission, Pope Francis, Council of Cardinal Advisers, Roman Curia
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Pontifical Commission for the Protection of Minors

The Pontifical Commission for the Protection of Minors (Italian: Pontificia Commissione per la Tutela dei Minori) is an institution within the Roman Curia of the Catholic Church instituted by Pope Francis on 22 March 2014 for the safeguarding of minors.[1] It is headed by Boston's Cardinal Archbishop, Sean P. O'Malley, O.F.M. Cap., who was selected by Pope Francis for this task; he had done much to reform the U.S. Church's practices in this area, and himself had been sent to Boston to correct troubles relating to the issue under his predecessor, Bernard Cardinal Law. The commission received its statutes on 8 May 2015, one of the most important moments in the Catholic Church's efforts to deal with the scandal of sex abuse of minors.[2]


The commission has a full-time secretary at the Vatican, Father Robert W. Oliver, an American priest from New York and a member of the Brotherhood of Hope, who was appointed by Pope Francis on September 10, 2014. Oliver previously served as the Promoter of Justice (chief church prosecutor) at the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, which prosecutes sex crimes committed by priests and other church personnel. He also served as a priest consultant to the archdiocesan review board and an ecclesiastical judge of the Archdiocese of Boston, under Cardinal O'Malley. Oliver was ordained in 2000 for the Boston archdiocese.[3]

New commission members

On December 2014, Pope Francis added new members, including an abuse survivor and more experts (four more women and four more men, from five continents) to the commission, bringing the total to 17 members, according to a December 17, 2014, online news story article by Carol Glatz of Catholic News Service (CNS). The new members are abuse survivor Peter Saunders, the chief executive officer of the UK-based National Association for People Abused in Childhood (NAPAC); Krysten Winter-Green; Bill Kilgallon; Precious Blood Sister Hermenegild Makoro; Kathleen McCormack; Religious Sisters of Charity Sister Kayula Lesa; Gabriel Dy-Liacco; Baroness Sheila Hollins and the Reverend Father Luis Manuel Ali Herrera.[4][5]

May 2015 statutes approved

On 21 April the Cardinal Secretary of State approved by mandate of the Supreme Pontiff, ad experimentum for three years, the Statute of the Pontifical Commission for the Protection of Minors, the draft of which had been presented for approval by Cardinal Seán O’Malley, O.F.M. Cap., President of the same Commission.

The Statutes will then be published in the Italian original and in English.

To ensure the completeness of the documentation, the Chirograph of 22 March 2014, by which the Pope officially instituted the Pontifical Commission for the Protection of Minors, will be published contemporaneously.



§ 1. The Pontifical Commission for the Protection of Minors is an autonomous institution attached to the Holy See, with public juridic personality (can. 116 CIC). The Commission is an advisory body at the service of the Holy Father [i.e., the Pope].

§ 2. The protection of minors is of paramount importance. The purpose of the Commission is to propose initiatives to the Roman Pontiff, according to the procedures and determinations specified in these Statutes, for the purposes of promoting local responsibility in the particular Churches for the protection of all minors and vulnerable adults.

§ 3. Proposals submitted to the Holy Father by the Commission must be approved by a majority of two-thirds of the Members.

§ 4. In developing the proposals referred to in § 2, when the matter concerns the competence of other ecclesial bodies, the President of the Commission, assisted by the Secretary, shall consult promptly the offices responsible for the protection of minors in local churches, episcopal conferences, conferences of superiors of institutes of consecrated life and societies of apostolic life, as well as the dicastery of the Roman Curia competent in the matter. This consultation will be shared in a transparent manner with the Commission Members.

§ 5. The Commission may require an account of the effectiveness of work carried out by the competent bodies mentioned in § 4.

§ 6. The legal seat of the Commission is in the Vatican City State.


§ 1. The Commission is composed of a maximum of eighteen members appointed by the Holy Father for a period of three years, which may be reconfirmed.

§ 2. Members are chosen from among persons of good and proven reputation and with recognized competence in the various fields of interest which are entrusted to the Commission.

§ 3. The President is appointed by the Roman Pontiff from among the members of the Commission for a period of three years and the term of office may be reconfirmed.

§ 4. The Secretary is appointed by the Roman Pontiff from among persons of recognized competence in the protection of minors for a period of three years, and the term of office may be reconfirmed. The Secretary is a member of the Commission ex officio.


§ 1. The Commission is convened in Plenary Assembly twice each year. On the request of two thirds of the Members, and with the consent of the President, an extraordinary Plenary Assembly can be convened. For a Plenary Assembly to be validly convened, the presence of at least two thirds of the members is required. On the same conditions, a Plenary Assembly may also meet by videoconference.

§ 2. During the Plenary Assembly, the Members act collegially under the direction of the President.

§ 3. The Members elect from within their midst, by an absolute majority of votes, two members to serve on the Agenda Committee for the next Plenary Assembly, together with the President and the Secretary. The Agenda Committee continues its work until the Minutes of the Assembly are completed.

§ 4. The Agenda Committee guides the proceedings of the Plenary Assembly, in particular:

a) determining the Agenda;

b) ensuring that the necessary documentation is submitted to the Members at least two weeks before the scheduled meeting;

c) ensuring preparation of the Minutes of the meetings and storing them in the archives of the Commission.


§ 1. The President is responsible for ensuring the proper functioning of the Commission, within the framework of its competencies, and for directing its meetings.

§ 2. The role of the Secretary is to assist the President in carrying out his responsibilities, to act in the name of the Commission in ordinary affairs and to direct the Commission’s office. The Secretary also promotes the collaboration of the Commission with the offices responsible for the protection of minors in the particular Churches, episcopal conferences, conferences of superiors of institutes of consecrated life and societies of apostolic life, and the dicasteries and other institutions of the Roman Curia.

§ 3. The officials working in the Commission’s office assist the President, coordinated by the Secretary. One staff member has particular responsibility for the administration of material resources and in the preparation of the budget, accounting, and financial records of the Commission, in accordance with the norms established for the Holy See.

§ 4. The Secretary is a Prelate Superior, according to art. 3 of the Regolamento Generale della Curia Romana.

§ 5. For the hiring and employment of the personnel, the norms contained in the Regolamento Generale della Curia Romana and Regolamento della Commissione indipendente di valutazione per le assunzioni di personale laico presso la Sede Apostolica are to be observed, together with any eventual changes and additions.


§ 1. The Commission’s "working groups" prepare the initiatives mentioned in art. 1, § 2 and submit them for approval by the Commission Members. Each working group is constituted to examine a specific theme thoroughly and to present specific proposals to the Plenary Assembly.

§ 2. The drafts prepared by the working groups, in accord with § 1, are made available to the Members through electronic means for their observations. The responsibility of each working group ceases with submission of its proposals to the Plenary Assembly, except when there is need for further study.

§ 3. The President, after consultation with the Members of the Commission, appoints a Member as the Moderator of each working group.

§ 4. The Moderator of each working group submits to the Commission a list of at least three names to be designated as collaborators of the group. These collaborators are chosen from among persons of good and proven reputation, with recognized expertise in the subject being studied by the working group as part of its work.

§ 5. The collaborators in § 4 who are not Commission Members carry out the tasks entrusted to them without becoming members of the Commission and without acquiring any right or function within the same.


§ 1. The Pontifical Commission, including its office and the working groups, shall be provided with adequate human and material resources, corresponding to its assigned institutional functions.

§ 2. The Commission operates in accord with the norms of its Statutes, the dispositions of universal canon law and the Regolamento generale della Curia Romana.

§ 3. The Members, staff and collaborators of the working groups are bound to observe professional confidentiality with regard to the reports or information which may come to their knowledge in the course of their duties and functions.

§ 4. The languages employed by the Commission are Italian, Spanish and English.

§ 5. The archives of the Commission are kept within the Vatican City State.

§ 6. The norms of these present Statutes shall be observed ad experimentum for a period of three years, at which time the Commission is to present any modifications for the permanent Statutes to be approved by the Supreme Pontiff.

From the Vatican, 21 April 2015

Cardinal Pietro Parolin, Secretary of State

[00772-EN.01] [Original text: Italian]


Chirograph of the Holy Father Francis for the Institution of a Pontifical Commission for the Protection of minors (22 March 2014)

The effective protection of minors and a commitment to ensure their human and spiritual development, in keeping with the dignity of the human person, are integral parts of the Gospel message that the Church and all members of the faithful are called to spread throughout the world. Many painful actions have caused a profound examination of conscience for the entire Church, leading us to request forgiveness from the victims and from our society for the harm that has been caused. This response to these actions is the firm beginning for initiatives of many different types, which are intended to repair the damage, to attain justice, and to prevent, by all means possible, the recurrence of similar incidents in the future.

For these reasons, and after having received the counsel of many cardinals and members of the college of bishops, together with other collaborators and experts in these matters, I decided to continue the work begun by my Predecessors by establishing a permanent Commission attached to the Holy See. The aim of the Commission is to promote the protection of the dignity of minors and vulnerable adults, using the forms and methods, consonant with the nature of the Church, which they consider most appropriate, as well as through their cooperation with individuals and groups pursuing these same objectives.

As I had the opportunity to highlight during an encounter with several victims of sexual abuse, I rely on the members of this Commission for the effective protection of minors and vulnerable adults, regardless of religion they profess, because they are the little ones on whom the Lord looks with love. To my collaborators in this work, I ask for all efforts possible to assist me in responding to these needs of these little ones.

The Commission’s specific task is to propose to me the most opportune initiatives for protecting minors and vulnerable adults, in order that we may do everything possible to ensure that crimes such as those which have occurred are no longer repeated in the Church. The Commission is to promote local responsibility in the particular Churches, uniting their efforts to those of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, for the protection of all children and vulnerable adults.

It is for all these reasons that I have instituted the Pontifical Commission for the Protection of Minors.

All that is established with the present Chirograph has full and stable effect, anything to the contrary not notwithstanding, even if deserving of special mention.

Given in Rome, at the Apostolic Palace, 22 March 2014, the second of my Pontificate.


See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ Statutes of the Pontifical Commission for the Protection of minors
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^

External links

  • Commission official website
  • Audits, Child And Youth Protection; US Conference of Catholic Bishops
  • Charter For The Protection Of Children And Young People; US Conference of Catholic Bishops
  • Child And Youth Protection; US Conference of Catholic Bishops
  • National Review Board, Child And Youth Protection; US Conference of Catholic Bishops
  • Safe Environment, Child And Youth Protection; US Conference of Catholic Bishops
  • Victim Assistance, Child And Youth Protection; US Conference of Catholic Bishops
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