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Popes Creek (Virginia)

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Title: Popes Creek (Virginia)  
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Subject: List of rivers of Virginia, List of tributaries of the Potomac River, Potomac River, Samuel Washington, List of Presidents of the United States by date of birth
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Popes Creek (Virginia)

Pope's Creek
The waters of Pope's Creek from across the cove showing the 20th century Memorial House
Mouth Potomac River
Location Westmoreland County, Virginia, US
Length 5.3 miles (8.5 km)
Mouth elevation 0 feet (0 m)

Pope's Creek[1] is a 5.3-mile-long (8.5 km)[2] George Washington Birthplace National Monument lies along the north side of Popes Creek. Popes Creek landing is located at .

Contents

  • Variant names 1
  • History 2
  • Watershed 3
  • See also 4
  • Notes 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Variant names

The following variant names have been listed on the Geographic Names Information System by the United States Geological Survey.

  • Cedar Creek
  • Cedar Island Creek
  • Fishing Creek
  • Mister Pope's Creek
  • Pope Creek
  • Pope's Creek

History

Hercules Bridges, Henry Brooks, John Quigley and Nathaniel Pope were the early patentees of the Mattox Neck area [3] (of three creeks, Mattox, Bridges, Popes) destined to become part of Westmoreland County, known as Virginia's Northern Neck, or in colonial days the "Athens of the New World".[4]

Watershed

The mouth of Popes Creek is plugged by a flood-tide delta making it an efficient trap for sediment and enriched run-off from three primary sources: farmed watersheds consisting of broad terraces and open upland slopes, erosion of the bluffs and beaches of the Potomac, and the creek bluff erosion itself. Agriculturally derived fill deposited in adjacent ravines to a depth of 2 meters is found covering stumps from the 17th century. Beaver dams and ponds dot the flood plains as well as several old mill ponds which interrupt the flow. Historically, the navigation of the creek has been limited to shallow-draft vessels with present depth up to one meter augmented by 0.3 to 0.4 meter tide. The tributary continues to shoal as the

  • Algal Bloom in the Potomac River, Aug. 21, 2007
  • Geologic History of Popes Creek, Virginia

External links

  • Hatch, Charles (1979). Popes Creek Plantation, Birthplace of George Washington. Washington's Birthplace, VA 22575: National Park Service. p. 173.  
  • Smith, John (1624). The Generall Historie of Virginia, New-England, and the Summer Isles. (Electronic version) Chapel Hill, NC: University Library UNC. pp. 248 (2006). 

References

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Popes Creek
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed August 15, 2011
  3. ^ Hatch, 17
  4. ^ Augustine Washington Jr., NPS archive
  5. ^ Geologic History of Popes Creek, Virginia
  6. ^ Hatch, 148
  7. ^ Smith, 58
  8. ^ Hatch, 44
  9. ^ Algal Bloom in the Potomac River, Aug. 21, 2007

Notes

See also

In June, July, and August 2007, the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality reported a large fish kill resulting from an algal bloom, primarily the Karlodinium type, that stretched from Colonial Beach (the closest town) to Mattox Creek to Muses Beach (Popes Creek) to Stratford Hall Plantation on the Potomac River. Early reports of dead fish on June 18, enumerating species involved, estimated hundreds of hogchoker at Muses Beach and hundreds of gizzard shad at Stratford Hall. The highest concentration of the characteristic reddish-brown toxin was located 4 miles (6 km) below the mouth of Mattox Creek on July 17. The number of fish killed at Mattox Creek was 296,000 with approximately 56 percent young menhaden, 30 percent white perch, and 12 percent croaker. Other species seen in the kill were gizzard shad, mummichog, white and channel catfish, young American eel, hogchoker, largemouth bass and blue crabs.[9]

Modern-day facilities in the community of Popes Creek, including a Virginia Department of Transportation service depot

[8] runs. Later colonial inventories of the Popes Creek plantation list seine corks, lead, seine rope, a knot of perch lines, yielding to the more than adequate kitchen utensil, or fish kettle, serving up the local delicacy.shad The entrance to the smaller estuaries would be clogged during spring migrations including [7]’s explorations the fish were so thick their heads stuck out of water, prompting his men to attempt to catch them in a frying pan.Captain John Smith run. In white perch Fishing at the creek mouth is highlighted by the [6]

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