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Ports in India

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Title: Ports in India  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Visakhapatnam Port, Transport in India, Economy of India, Economy of West Bengal, Economy of Telangana
Collection: Economy of India Lists, India-Related Lists, Ports and Harbours of India
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Ports in India

Map showing the location of airports and seaports in India

India has a coastline spanning 7516.6 kilometers, forming one of the biggest peninsulas in the world. It is serviced by 13 major ports, 200 notified minor and intermediate ports. The total 200 non-major ports are in the following States:- Gujarat (42); Maharashtra (48); Tamil Nadu (15); Karnataka (10); Kerala (17); Andhra Pradesh (12); Odisha (13); Goa (5); West Bengal (1); Daman and Diu (2); Lakshadweep (10); Pondicherry (2); and Andaman & Nicobar (23).[1]


  • Classification of ports 1
  • Shipping 2
  • Cargo handled 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Classification of ports

Indian government has a federal structure, and according to its constitution, maritime transport is to be administered by both the Central and the State governments. While the central government's shipping ministry administers the major ports, the minor and intermediate ports are administered by the relevant departments or ministries in the nine coastal states Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarat. Several of these 187 minor and intermediate ports have been identified by the respective governments to be developed, in a phased manner, a good proportion of them involving public–private partnership.


Major ports handled over 74% of all cargo traffic in 2007. All major ports, except one Ennore Port are government administered, but private sector participation in ports has increased. There are also 7 shipyards under the control of the central government of India, 2 shipyards controlled by state governments, and 19 privately owned shipyards.

As of 2000, there were 102 shipping companies operating in India, of which five were privately owned and based in India and one was owned by Shipping Corporation of India. There were 639 government-owned ships, including 91 oil tankers, 79 dry cargo bulk carriers, and 10 cellular container vessels. Indian-flagged vessels carried about 15 percent of overseas cargo at Indian ports for financial year 2003.

Cargo handled

The following table gives the detailed data about the major ports of India for the financial year 2009-10 and percentage growth over 2008-09 (Source: Indian Ports Association):

Name Cargo Handled (2014) '000 tonnes % Increase (over 2014) Vessel Traffic (2009–10) % Increase (over 2008-09) Container Traffic (2009–10) '000 TEUs % Increase (over 2008-09)
Visakhapatnam 79,521 10.10% 2,776 10.29% 147 6.52%
Kandla 65,501 2.49% 2,406 2.51% 98 13.65%
Chennai 61,057 6.20% 2,131 2.5% 1,216 6.38%
Navi Mumbai 60,746 6.03% 3,096 4.13% 4,062 2.78%
Mumbai 54,543 5.14% 1,639 1.67% 58 -36.95%
Paradip 57,011 22.84% 1,531 -0.32% 4 100.00%
Mormugao 48,847 17.19% 465 6.89% 17 21.42%
Kolkata 46,295 -14.61% 3,462 07.50% 502 17.01%
Mangalore 35,528 -3.17% 1,186 0.16% 31 6.89%
Tuticorin 23,787 8.07% 1,414 -7.21% 440 0.22%
Kochi 17,429 14.45% 872 15.19% 290 11.11%
Ennore (corporate) 10,703 -6.93% 273 9.2% -- --
All Indian Ports 560,968 5.74% 21,251 02.82% 6,865 4.25%


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External links

  • India Port Report
  • Indian Port List - Cybex Exim

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