Pratikraman

Pratikraman (literally Sanskrit "introspection"), is a process of repentance of sins (prayaschit) during which Jains repent for their sins during their daily life, and remind themselves to refrain from doing so again. Devout Jains often do Pratikraman at least twice a day. In same one practices self-observation and emphasize the necessity of self-effort to move the soul towards divine consciousness and liberation

There are five types of Pratikraman:

  1. Devasi
  2. Rayi
  3. Pakhi
  4. Chaumasi
  5. Samvatsari

Devasi Pratikraman

Devasi Pratikraman is performed daily in the evening, Raysi Pratikraman is performed in the early morning, Pakhi Pratikraman is done once every fifteen days. Chaumasi Pratikraman is done once in four months on the Purnima (full moon) of the Kartik, Falgun and Aṣaṛh months of the Vira Nirvana Samvat calendrical year for the sins committed during that period.

Samvatsari Pratikraman


Samvatsari Pratikraman is done once per year on the last day of Paryushana mahaparv for the sins committed during the whole year.

As per Aagams, the words of God, it is a compulsion for all to do Pratikraman at least once in a year, i.e. The Samvatsari Pratikraman.

Samvatsari Pratikraman includes all six things a Jain must do:[1] Pratikraman is a combination of six avshyakas (essential rituals).

  1. Samayik - maintain equanimity
  2. Chauvisanttho - honor the Tirthankaras
  3. Vandana - honor all Jain sadhus and sadhvis
  4. Pratikraman - repent wrongdoing
  5. Kayotsarga - meditation and prayer
  6. Pratyakhan - take vows to keep self-control

The soul, in its pure form, has infinite perception, infinite knowledge,infinite vigor, and is non-attached. These attributes are not seen in a worldly soul because it is soiled with karmas. By following religious principles principals and activities, Jains believe they overcome karmas and promote liberation of the soul. There are various kinds of religious activities, sometimes called rituals, and among them Pratikraman is the most important ritual. During pratikraman, Jains repent for non-meritorious activities on a daily basis.

See also

Forgiveness in Jainism

References

External links

  • Jaina.org

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.