Prefectural capital

A prefectural capital is a city where a prefectural government and assembly is located.

Japan

In Japan, a prefectural capital is called todōfukenchō shozaichi (都道府県庁所在地?).

List of Japanese prefectural capitals

Capital Prefecture Region Island Pop.¹ ISO Status
Akita Akita Tōhoku Honshū 327,651 JP-05 Core city
Aomori Aomori Tōhoku Honshū 304,657 JP-02 Core city
Chiba Chiba Kantō Honshū 943,568 JP-12 Designated city
Fukui Fukui Chūbu Honshū 268,210 JP-18 Special city
Fukuoka Fukuoka Kyūshū Kyūshū 1,434,650 JP-40 Designated city
Fukushima Fukushima Tōhoku Honshū 288,602 JP-07
Gifu Gifu Chūbu Honshū 411,753 JP-21 Core city
Hiroshima Hiroshima Chūgoku Honshū 1,164,885 JP-34 Designated city
Kagoshima Kagoshima Kyūshū Kyūshū 604,268 JP-46 Core city
Kanazawa Ishikawa Chūbu Honshū 455,952 JP-17 Core city
Kobe Hyōgo Kansai Honshū 1,532,305 JP-28 Designated city
Kōchi KochiKōchi Shikoku Shikoku 345,418 JP-39 Core city
Kōfu Yamanashi Chūbu Honshū 198,757 JP-19 Special city
Kumamoto Kumamoto Kyūshū Kyūshū 670,014 JP-43 Core city
Kyoto Kyoto Kansai Honshū 1,468,065 JP-26 Designated city
Maebashi Gunma Kantō Honshū 317,167 JP-10 Core city
Matsue Shimane Chūgoku Honshū 195,008 JP-32
Matsuyama Ehime Shikoku Shikoku 514,771 JP-38 Core city
Mito Ibaraki Kantō Honshū 263,299 JP-08 Special city
Miyazaki Miyazaki Kyūshū Kyūshū 368,984 JP-45 Core city
Morioka Iwate Tōhoku Honshū 298,959 JP-03 Core city
Nagano Nagano Chūbu Honshū 377,328 JP-20 Core city
Nagasaki Nagasaki Kyūshū Kyūshū 446,551 JP-42 Core city
Nagoya Aichi Chūbu Honshū 2,243,564 JP-23 Designated city
Naha Okinawa Kyūshū Ryūkyū Islands 313,436 JP-47
Nara Nara Kansai Honshū 366,863 JP-29 Core city
Niigata Niigata Chūbu Honshū 811,613 JP-15 Designated city
Ōita OitaŌita Kyūshū Kyūshū 467,617 JP-44 Core city
Okayama Okayama Chūgoku Honshū 700,646 JP-33 Designated city
Osaka Osaka Kansai Honshū 2,649,601 JP-27 Designated city
Ōtsu Shiga Kansai Honshū 330,044 JP-25 Core city
Saga Saga Kyūshū Kyūshū 239,003 JP-41
Saitama Saitama Kantō Honshū 1,197,471 JP-11 Designated city
Sapporo Hokkaidō Hokkaidō Hokkaidō 1,896,704 JP-01 Designated city
Sendai Miyagi Tōhoku Honshū 1,029,576 JP-04 Designated city
Shinjuku Tokyo Kantō Honshū 314,262 JP-13 Special ward
Shizuoka Shizuoka Chūbu Honshū 709,888 JP-22 Designated city
Takamatsu Kagawa Shikoku Shikoku 417,671 JP-37 Core city
Tokushima Tokushima Shikoku Shikoku 265,248 JP-36
Tottori Tottori Chūgoku Honshū 199,319 JP-31 Special city
Toyama Toyama Chūbu Honshū 420,584 JP-16 Core city
Tsu Mie Kansai Honshū 287,849 JP-24
Utsunomiya Tochigi Kantō Honshū 508,114 JP-09 Core city
Wakayama Wakayama Kansai Honshū 371,504 JP-30 Core city
Yamagata Yamagata Tōhoku Honshū 254,724 JP-06 Special city
Yamaguchi Yamaguchi Chūgoku Honshū 191,714 JP-35
Yokohama Kanagawa Kantō Honshū 3,643,641 JP-14 Designated city

Notes: ¹ as of May 1, 2008

Non-capitals which share a name with their prefecture

In most cases, a city that share a name with its prefecture is a prefectural capital. However, there are some municipalities that are not capitals.

Capitals that are not the largest city/metropolitan area in their prefecture

Those in italics are prefectural capitals, or metropolitan areas of them.

 Fukushima Prefecture
1. Iwaki 348,322  1. Kōriyama Metropolitan Area 537,493
2. Kōriyama 338,887  2. Fukushima Metropolitan Area 412,353
3. Fukushima 294,724  3. Iwaki Metropolitan Area 365,864
 Gunma Prefecture
1. Takasaki 342,662  1. Takasaki Metropolitan Area 532,271
2. Maebashi 317,114  2. Maebashi Metropolitan Area 458,996
 Mie Prefecture
1. Yokkaichi 307,418  1. Yokkaichi Metropolitan Area 606,071
2. Tsu 288,874  2. Tsu Metropolitan Area 308,375
 Shizuoka Prefecture
1. Hamamatsu 812,692  1. Shizuoka Metropolitan Area 999,360
2. Shizuoka 709,772  2. Hamamatsu Metropolitan Area 919,933
 Tottori Prefecture
1. Tottori 199,263  1. Yonago Metropolitan Area 252,387
2. Yonago 148,234  2. Tottori Metropolitan Area 249,067
 Yamaguchi Prefecture
1. Shimonoseki 284,693  1. Shimonoseki Metropolitan Area 287,935
2. Yamaguchi 191,740  2. Ube Metropolitan Area 258,180
3. Ube 175,334  3. Yamaguchi Metropolitan Area 178,402

Notes:

City populations are as of July 2008.
Metropolitan area populations are as of 2000. (Urban Employment Areas)
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