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President of Hungary

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President of Hungary

For earlier rulers, see Grand Prince of the Hungarians, King of Hungary and List of rulers of Hungary

This is a list of heads of state of Hungary from the Hungarian Revolution of 1848 until the present day.

Currently, the head of state of Hungary is the President of the Republic, elected by the members of the National Assembly every five years, and he or she has a largely ceremonial role. By the Constitution of Hungary, based on the post-World War II Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany, the Hungarian Prime Minister has a leading role in the executive branch as he selects Cabinet ministers and has the exclusive right to dismiss them.

The current President of the Republic is János Áder, who took office on 10 May 2012.

Heads of State of Hungary (1848–Present)

Hungarian Revolution of 1848 (1848–1849)

Parties       Opposition Party       Military

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Title
1 Lajos Kossuth 14 April 1849 11 August 1849 Opposition Party Governor-President
Also Prime Minister
until 1 May 1849
Artúr Görgey 11 August 1849 13 August 1849 Military Acting civil and military authority

After the collapse of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, Hungary became an integral part of the Austrian Empire until 1867, when dual Austro-Hungarian Monarchy was created.

Kingdom of Hungary during Austria-Hungary (1867–1918)

Hungarian Democratic Republic (1918–1919)

Parties       Independence Party

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Title
1 Mihály Károlyi 16 November 1918 21 March 1919 Independence Party President of the Republic
Also Prime Minister
until 11 January 1919

Hungarian Soviet Republic (1919)

Parties       Socialist Party of Hungary       MSZDP

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Title
1 Sándor Garbai 21 March 1919 1 August 1919 Socialist Party of Hungary Head of State
Also Prime Minister
Gyula Peidl 1 August 1919 6 August 1919 MSZDP Acting Head of State
Also Prime Minister

Counter-Revolutionary Governments (1919)

Parties       Independent

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Title
1 Archduke Joseph August 6 August 1919 23 August 1919 Independent
(Regent)
Regent of Hungary

Hungarian Democratic Republic (1919–1920)

Parties       KNEP

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Title
István Friedrich 23 August 1919 24 November 1919 Independent → KNEP Acting Head of State
Also Prime Minister
Károly Huszár 24 November 1919 1 March 1920 KNEP Acting Head of State
Also Prime Minister

Kingdom of Hungary (1920–1946)

Parties       Independent

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Title
2 Miklós Horthy 1 March 1920 15 October 1944 Independent
(Regent)
Regent of Hungary

Government of National Unity (1944–1945)

Parties       Arrow Cross Party

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Title
1 Ferenc Szálasi 16 October 1944 28 March 1945 Arrow Cross Party Leader of the Nation
De facto, appointed by the Germans
Also Prime Minister

Soviet Backed Provisional Governments (1944–1946)

Parties       Independent

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Title
Béla Miklós 21 December 1944 25 January 1945 Independent Head of State
Also Prime Minister
In opposition
High National Council 26 January 1945 1 February 1946 Multi-party Collective Head of State
In opposition to 28 March 1945

Republic of Hungary (1946–1949)

Parties       FKGP       MKP-MDP

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Title
1 Zoltán Tildy 1 February 1946 2 August 1948 FKGP President of the Republic
2 Árpád Szakasits 2 August 1948 23 August 1949 MDP President of the Republic

People's Republic of Hungary (1949–1989)

Chairman of the Presidential Council

Main article: Presidential Council of the People's Republic of Hungary

Parties       MDP-MSZMP       Independent

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Title
1 Árpád Szakasits 23 August 1949 26 April 1950 MDP Chairman of the Presidential Council
2 Sándor Rónai 26 April 1950 14 August 1952 Chairman of the Presidential Council
3 István Dobi 14 August 1952 25 October 1956 Chairman of the Presidential Council
(3) 25 October 1956 13 April 1967 MSZMP
4 Pál Losonczi 13 April 1967 25 June 1987 Chairman of the Presidential Council
5 Károly Németh 25 June 1987 29 June 1988 Chairman of the Presidential Council
6 Brunó Ferenc Straub 29 June 1988 18 October 1989 Independent Chairman of the Presidential Council

General Secretary of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party

Parties       MDP-MSZMP

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Notes
1 Mátyás Rákosi February 1945 18 July 1956 MDP Also Prime Minister (1952–1953)
2 Ernő Gerő 18 July 1956 25 October 1956
3 János Kádár 25 October 1956 27 May 1988 MSZMP Also Prime Minister (1956–1958 and 1961–1965)
4 Károly Grósz 27 May 1988 7 October 1989 Also Prime Minister (1987–1988)
5 Rezső Nyers 26 June 1989 7 October 1989 Party President; outranked Grósz after 26 June

Hungary (1989–Present)

Parties       MSZMP-MSZP       SZDSZ       Fidesz       Independent

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Title Term
(Election)
80px Mátyás Szűrös 18 October 1989 2 May 1990 MSZP Provisional President of the Republic
style="background-color:; color:white" | — Árpád Göncz 2 May 1990 3 August 1990 SZDSZ Acting President of the Republic
rowspan="2" style="background-color:; color:white" | 1 4 August 1990 4 August 1995 President of the Republic 1 (1990)
4 August 1995 4 August 2000 2 (1995)
2 Ferenc Mádl 4 August 2000 5 August 2005 Independent President of the Republic 3 (2000)
3 László Sólyom 5 August 2005 6 August 2010 Independent President of the Republic 4 (2005)
4 Pál Schmitt 6 August 2010 2 April 2012
(resigned)
Fidesz President of the Republic 5 (2010)
László Kövér 2 April 2012 10 May 2012 Fidesz Acting President of the Republic
5 János Áder 10 May 2012 Incumbent Fidesz President of the Republic 6 (2012)

Living former presidents

Name Term Date of birth
Mátyás Szűrös 1989–1990 11 September 1933
Árpád Göncz 1990–2000 10 February 1922
László Sólyom 2005–2010 3 January 1942
Pál Schmitt 2010–2012 13 May 1942

Latest election

Main article: Hungarian presidential election, 2012
Hungarian presidential election, 2012[1]
Candidate Nominating party Votes  %
In favor of János Áder Fidesz 262
Against Áder --- 40
Did not vote 79
Invalid votes 5
Total votes 307
Total seats 386 100.00

See also

References

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