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Princeton Battlefield

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Princeton Battlefield

Princeton Battlefield
A map of the boundaries of the historic district, covering the battlefield, Stony Brook village, and surrounding farms
Location Princeton, New Jersey
Coordinates
Area 681 acres (276 ha)
Governing body State
Part of Princeton Battlefield / Stony Brook Village Historic District (#89000761)
NRHP Reference # 66000466[1]
NJRHP # 1751, 1752, 1753[2]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966[1]
Designated NHL January 20, 1961[3]
Designated NJRHP May 27, 1971; May 12, 1972; April 10, 1989

The Princeton Battlefield in Princeton, Mercer County, New Jersey, United States, is where American and British troops fought each other on January 3, 1777 in the Battle of Princeton during the American Revolutionary War. The battle ended when the British soldiers in Nassau Hall surrendered.[4][5] This success, shortly after Washington's crossing of the Delaware River and capturing the troops at the Old Barracks in Trenton, helped improve American morale.

Part of the battlefield is now a state park, while other portions remain under threat of development.[1]

Princeton Battlefield State Park

Princeton Battlefield State Park is a 681-acre (276 ha) New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, and is located on Mercer Road (Princeton Pike), about 1.5 miles south of Princeton University and 3.8 miles north of Interstate 295/95.[6]

Highlights of the park include the Princeton Battlefield site; the Clarke House Museum; the site of the Mercer Oak, a tree which stood in the middle of the battlefield until recent years; the Ionic Colonnade designed by Thomas U. Walter (fourth Architect of the U.S. Capitol); and a stone patio marking the grave of 21 British and 15 American soldiers killed in the battle. A poem was written for the site by Alfred Noyes, Poet Laureate of England.

The park's hiking trails lead to the Delaware and Raritan Canal and to the 588-acre (2 km2) adjacent property of the Institute for Advanced Study.

The Princeton Battle Monument is located in town near Princeton University on non-adjacent park property at Stockton Street and Bayard Lane.

Clarke House Museum

The Thomas Clarke House Museum was built in 1772 by the third generation of Quakers at Stony Brook. The house is furnished in the Revolutionary period and contains military artifacts and battle exhibits, as well as a research library.

During the battle Hugh Mercer was brought to the Clarke House and treated unsuccessfully by Benjamin Rush.

Princeton Battlefield / Stony Brook Village Historic District

In 1989 the National Register of Historic Places designation of the Battlefield was expanded to form the Princeton Battlefield / Stony Brook Village Historic District.[7] Princeton's original settlers were Quaker farmers along the Stony Brook immediately to the south and west of the battlefield. The Stony Brook Meeting House and Cemetery was well established at the time of the revolution and in full sight of the battle. The meetinghouse and associated farms are part of the contiguous preserved area that includes the battlefield.[8]

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ New Jersey Dept. of Environmental Protection, Trenton, NJ (2014). "Princeton Battlefield State Park."
  7. ^
  8. ^

External links

  • Official website
  • Save Princeton Battlefield
  • Photo Gallery
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