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Title: Prothoini  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Charaxinae, Prothoe franck, Agatasa calydonia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


This article is about the subfamily. For the species, see Doleschallia bisaltide.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
(unranked): Rhopalocera
Superfamily: Papilionoidea
Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Charaxinae
Doherty, 1886


Charaxinae, the leafwings, is a nymphalid subfamily of butterflies that includes about 400 species, inhabiting mainly the tropics, although some species extend into temperate regions in North America, Europe, China and southern Australia. There are significant variations between the species. For example, some are medium-sized and bright orange above, but mottled gray or brown below.[1] This underwing coloration helps them resemble a dead leaf when they are at rest as they keep their wings closed.[1] With relatively few exceptions, the hindwings of the members of this subfamily have jagged edges.

Adults are very robust and fast flyers, and many are strongly attracted to drink liquids off carrion, dung, and rotten fruits, rather than nectar from flowers.[1]

Males establish territories and perch on tree trunks, branches, and even the ground.[1] The eggs are smooth and round and generally with a somewhat concave apex.

Some genera in this subfamily (notably Charaxes, Agrias and Prepona) are very popular among butterfly collectors.


Tribe Charaxini Guenée, 1865

Tribe Euxanthini Rydon, 1971 [2]

Tribe Pallini Rydon, 1971

Tribe Prothoini Roepke, 1938

Tribe Preponini Rydon, 1971[2]

Tribe Anaeini (also see tribe article)

  • Anaea
  • Coenophlebia
  • Consul
  • Fountainea
  • Hypna
  • Memphis (formerly included in Anaea)
  • Polygrapha
  • Siderone
  • Zaretis


External links

  • Checklist of North American Nymphalidae
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