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Title: Pseudoruminant  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Hindgut fermentation, Hippopotamidae, Alpaca, Veterinary medicine, Animal anatomy
Collection: Animal Anatomy, Herbivorous Animals, Mammal Taxonomy, Veterinary Medicine
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Pseudoruminant is a classification of animal based on its digestive tract differing from the ruminants. Hippopotamidae (comprising hippopotami) are ungulate mammals with a three-chambered stomach (ruminants have a four-chambered stomach).[1]


  • Anatomy 1
  • Species 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4


Like ruminants, the pseudoruminants use foregut fermentation to break down cellulose in fibrous plant species. But in contrast to these, pseudoruminants have a three-chambered stomach, the chambers being called C1, C2, and C3.


Pseudoruminant Image Class Weight
Hippopotamus Hippopotamus 1.5 to 3.5 tonnes

See also


  1. ^ Fowler, M.E. (2010). "Medicine and Surgery of Camelids", Ames, Iowa: Wiley-Blackwell. Chapter 1 General Biology and Evolution addresses the fact that camelids (including llamas and camels) are not ruminants, pseudo-ruminants, or modified ruminants.

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