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Pulsatilla patens

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Pulsatilla patens

Pulsatilla patens
Plant flowering in Boulder, CO
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae
Genus: Pulsatilla
Species: P. patens
Binomial name
Pulsatilla patens
(L.) Mill.
Synonyms[1][2]
  • Anemone ludoviciana Nutt., nom. illeg.
  • Anemone multifida (Pritz.) Zämelis, non Poir.
  • Anemone nuttalliana DC.
  • Pulsatilla hirsutissima (Pursh) Britton
  • Pulsatilla ludoviciana A. Heller, nom. illeg.
  • Pulsatilla nuttalliana (DC.) Spreng.

Pulsatilla patens is a US native species of flowering plant in the family Ranunculaceae; Pulsatilla vulgaris is native to Europe, Russia, Mongolia, China, Canada and the United States. Common names include Eastern pasqueflower, prairie crocus, and cutleaf anemone.[3]

Taxonomy

Pulsatilla patens is often placed in the genus Anemone, as Anemone patens L..[3]

Cultural associations

Pulsatilla patens is the provincial flower of Manitoba, Canada[4] and (as P. hirsutissima) is the state flower of South Dakota, United States.[5]

Declining population noted

Advocates report that the population of Pulsatilla patens is declining, due to the synergy between the prairie crocus and shortgrass prairie ecosystems. Plowing up the prairie causes the crocus to disappear.[6]

Subdivisions

Young leaves

Two subspecies have been distinguished:[1][2]

  • Pulsatilla patens subsp. patens
  • Pulsatilla patens subsp. multifida (Pritz.) Zämelis -- cutleaf anemone

References

View from above of flowering plant in Poland
  1. ^ a b Pulsatilla patens USDA PLANTS database
  2. ^ a b multifida subsp. Pulsatilla patens USDA PLANTS database
  3. ^ a b Anemone patensUSDA GRIN entry for
  4. ^
  5. ^ Chapter 1 2005 South Dakota Legislative Manual The Mount Rushmore State
  6. ^

External links

  • Data related to Pulsatilla patens at Wikispecies
  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons


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