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Qitaihe

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Qitaihe

Qitaihe
七台河市
Prefecture-level city
view east along Xuefu Street
view east along Xuefu Street
Qitaihe (red) in Heilongjiang (orange)
Qitaihe (red) in Heilongjiang (orange)
Qitaihe is located in Heilongjiang
Qitaihe
Qitaihe
Location of the city centre in Heilongjiang
Coordinates:
Country People's Republic of China
Province Heilongjiang
County-level divisions 4
Government
 • Type Prefecture-level city
 • CPC Qitaihe Secretary Zhang Xianjun (张宪军)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 6,221 km2 (2,402 sq mi)
Elevation 209 m (686 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Prefecture-level city 920,419
 • Urban 620,935
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
zipcode 154600
Area code(s) 0464
Licence plates 黑K
ISO 3166-2 cn-23-09
Website //ldzc/zwgk.cn.govqth
Qitaihe
Chinese name
Chinese 七台河
Manchu name
Manchu script ᡴᡳᡨᠠᡳᡥᡝ
Russian name
Russian Цитайхэ

Qitaihe (Chinese: 七台河; pinyin: Qītáihé) is a prefecture-level city in eastern Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. Covering an area 6,223 km2 (2,403 sq mi), it is geographically the smallest prefecture-level division of the province. Qitaihe also has the second smallest population of the cities in Heilongjiang. At the 2010 census, its total population was 920,419, while 620,935 live in the built up area made of 3 urban districts.[1]

Administrative divisions

# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010 est.) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Xinxing District 新兴区 Xīnxīng Qū 236,768 123 1,626
2 Taoshan District 桃山区 Táoshān Qū 230,293 74 2,162
3 Qiezihe District 茄子河区 Qiézihé Qū 153,874 1,560 90
4 Boli County 勃利县 Bólì Xiàn 299,484 4,466 83

History

Qitaihe's history can be stretched back to 3,000 years ago during the Shang and Zhou Dynasties, when it was inhabited by the ancient Sushen group, the ancestors of the Manchu. In 1910, coal resources was found in Qitaihe.[2] However, coal mining industry did not really start until The CPC Committee of Heilongjiang Province ordered Hegang Mining Bureau to take charge of the Extractive industries in Boli County in 1958. Qitaihe began its development. On Jan 26, 1961, Boli Mining Bureau was established. The CPC Central Committee and State Council approved to establish Qitaihe District(七台河特区) as a pilot of the combination of enterprise management and government administration. In 1970, Qitaihe District was changed into Qitaihe City(County-level), which is under the jurisdiction of Jiamusi. In 1983, Qitaihe was designated a Prefecture-level city, and Boli County was put into Qitaihe's jurisdiction.

Geography and climate

Mineral Resource

Qitaihe is rich in fresh water and minerals including coal, gold and graphite. There are 26 reservoirs in total . The water storage capacity of the city's Taoshan Reservoir is 264 million steres. Qitaihe has a total coal reserve of 5.3 billion tons, ranking third after Shuangyashan and Jixi in Heilongjiang Province.

Climate

Qitaihe has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa), with long, bitter, but dry winters, and humid and very warm summers.

Economy

Coal mining is an important industry. Qitaihe is the only pilot city for coal recycling in Heilongjiang. The city's GDP topped RMB 23.35 billion in 2009, featuring a growth of 26% over the previous year.[3] Qitaihe is home to Qitaihe Coal Mining Group and Qitaihe No.1 Power Generation Company.

Transportation

The Tumen-Jiamusi Railway and the Boli-Qitaihe Railway connect the city with Mudanjiang, Jiamusi and other cities in Heilongjiang. Jiamusi Airport, Jixi Airport and Mudanjiang Airport, which offers regular flights to other domestic cities in China, are less than two hours away.

References

  1. ^ (Chinese)黑龙江省第六次全国人口普查情况新闻发布会
  2. ^ (Chinese)历史纪年大事记
  3. ^ Profiles of China Provinces, Cities and Industrial Parks

External links

  • Official site
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