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Qiyang dialect

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Title: Qiyang dialect  
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Subject: Xiang Chinese, Weihai dialect, Wuxi dialect, Jianyang dialect, Luo-Guang Yue
Collection: Xiang Chinese
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Qiyang dialect

Qiyang dialect
Native to China
Region Qiyang, Hunan province
Native speakers
(this article does not contain any information regarding the number of speakers)
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog None

Qiyang dialect (Chinese: 祁陽話; pinyin: qíyáng huà) is a dialect of Xiang Chinese spoken in Qiyang County, Hunan province.


Qiyang dialect is quite unusual in that it is reported to have two "double contour" tones, high and low fall–rise–fall, or perhaps high fall – low fall and low fall – high fall: the entering tones yin qu (陰去) ˦˨˧˨ (4232) and yang qu (陽去) ˨˩˦˨ (2142). However, phonetically the pitch of a syllable depends on the voicing of the initial consonant, so these are phonemically a single tone. Moreover, the final fall of the yin qu tone is "not perceptually relevant", so it may be that 'dipping' (for yin qu) and 'peaking' (for yang qu) are a sufficient categorization.


  • Wei Hu, 2011. "Production and Perception of Double Contour Tones in Qiyang Chinese". Presented at the 17th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences.

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