Percussion instrument
Other names Quijada de Burro, Charrasga, Jawbone

Hornbostel–Sachs classification 112.211
(indirectly struck idiophone; scraped sticks without a resonator)
Related instruments


The Quijada [Charrasga, or Jawbone in English] is a traditional Latin percussion instrument that is cleaned of tissue and dried so the teeth can loosen and act as a rattle. They are traditionally made from the jawbone of either a mule, horse, or donkey.[1] To play, a musician holds one half in one hand and strikes the other with either a stick or their hand; this causes the teeth to rattle against the bone creating a loud, untuned sound, original to this instrument.[2] It is used in music throughout most of Latin America, including Mexico, Peru, El Salvador, Ecuador, and Cuba.[2]

Historical and Cultural Content

While it is used in most Latin American countries, the quijada gets it origin from the Africans that were brought to the Americas during the colonial era. This instrument is one example of a mix of two different cultures, African and Indigenous, that created an instrument that gained value for the people of Latin America.

Images and Videos (external Links)

A quijada

Further reading

Latin American Music

Notes and references

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