World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Réseau AGIR

Réseau AGIR
AGIR provided HUMINT on V-1 flying bomb "ski sites", e.g., some had launch ramps ("P", bottom),[1] here Maisoncelle.[2] In 1974, the "Maison-Ponthieu site" still had the treelines and ski-shaped buildings depicted in this diagram.[3]:6
Active began 1941
Country Occupied France
Allegiance Allies of World War II
Type French Resistance
Role Human intelligence (espionage)
Size >100[4] informants, a few agents

The Réseau AGIR (English: ACT Network) was a World War II espionage group founded[5] by French wartime resister Michel Hollard that provided human intelligence on V-1 flying bomb facilities.

Intelligence was collected every 3 weeks directly from volunteer informants

Hollard smuggled information to the British military attaché in Bern, Switzerland, from Occupied France making ninety-eight trips from 1941 through February 1944 when he was betrayed and arrested.[6] After a September 7, 1943, Ultra intercept identified that an agent tasked with gathering V-weapon intelligence had been captured, Réseau AGIR member Olivier Giran was captured and executed in 1943.[7]

On 5 February 1944, Michel Hollard and 4 other AGIR agents (including Henri Dujarier) were arrested during a cafe meeting on the Rue du Faubourg-Saint-Denis (Hollard received the "bath treatment" (torture) by the Milice.)[7]

V-1 espionage

An AGIR railway engineer at Rouen reported in 1943 unusual constructions in Upper Normandy, and Michel Hollard's report of September 1943 to the British Secret Intelligence Service identified six V-1 flying bomb facilities: "Bonnetot [sic] le Faubourg, Auffray [sic], Totes, Ribeaucourt, Maison Ponthieu and Bois Carre".[3] A more detailed report in October about Bois Carré claimed it had "a concrete platform with centre axis pointing directly to London".[7] AGIR reconnoitered 104 V-1 facilities and helped pinpointing the Watten bunker, the first V-2 launching site.[6] AGIR also provided sketches of V-1 launching sites such as one by André Comps of Bois Carré (English: square woods) labeled "La position de Maisons" and B2.[7] Hollard had the site infiltrated by Comps, who copied "the blueprints"[3]:3—a copy of the compass swinging building blueprint and the Bois Carré sketch were published in 1978.[7]

Post-war

AGIR agents received various British and French military awards (including Hollard's DSO for V-1 espionage),[8] and Hollard's biographies provide AGIR history.[9] In 2009, Joseph Brocard was the last surviving AGIR participant.[10]

References

Citations
  1. ^ Gurney, Gene (Major, USAF) (1962). The War in the Air: a pictorial history of World War II Air Forces in combat. New York: Bonanza Books. p. 184. The launching ramp (P) had a double track enclosed in concrete walls. 
  2. ^ Bauer, Eddy (1972) [1966]. Illustrated World War II Encyclopedia. Vol 15. H. S. Stuttman Inc. pp. 2059, 2068.  
  3. ^ a b c "The V-Weapons". After The Battle: 3, 14, 16. 1974. 
  4. ^ Lee 2001
  5. ^ "Michel Hollard: Heros de la Resistance" (in French). Retrieved 2010-02-09. 
  6. ^ a b Jeffery, Keith (2010). MI6 : the history of the Secret Intelligence Service 1909-1949. London : New York: Bloomsbury.  
  7. ^ a b c d e   (p. 362)
  8. ^  
  9. ^ Martelli 1960
  10. ^ "Last remaining member of resistance network dies". Radio France Internationale. Retrieved 2010-02-09. 
Bibliography
  • Lee, Bruce (2001). Marching orders: the untold story of World War II. Retrieved 2010-02-11. 
  • Martelli, George (1960). Agent extraordinary: the story of Michel Hollard, D. S. O., Croix de guerre (in French). Collins.  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.