World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ray Noorda

Raymond Noorda
Born (1924-06-19)19 June 1924
Ogden, Utah
Died 9 October 2006(2006-10-09) (aged 82)
Orem, Utah
Nationality American
Education B.S. in engineering
Alma mater Weber State College
University of Utah
Known for Novell CEO and Chairman
Religion Mormon

Raymond John "Ray" Noorda (19 June 1924 – 9 October 2006) was a U.S. computer businessman. He was CEO of Novell between 1982 and 1994. He also served as chairman of Novell until he was replaced in 1994.


  • Early life 1
  • Personal life 2
  • Novell 3
  • Later career 4
  • Notes 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Early life

Noorda was born in Ogden, Utah, the third son of Dutch immigrants Bertus Noorda and Alida Margaretha van den Berg. He attended Weber State College in Ogden. During World War II, he served in the U.S. Navy for two years as an electronics technician, working with radar systems. He graduated cum laude with a bachelor’s degree in engineering from the University of Utah in 1949. Noorda worked for General Electric from graduation until 1971, after which he worked at a number of California companies.

Personal life

Noorda was a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).[1] He married Lewena "Tye" Taylor in 1950, and they were later sealed in the Salt Lake Temple.[2] Among the positions that Noorda held in the LDS Church were counselor in a branch presidency and counselor in a stake Sunday school presidency.[3]


In 1983 Noorda assembled the SuperSet team whose members included Drew Major, Dale Niebaur and Kyle Powell. The team was originally assigned to create a CP/M disk sharing system, but instead came up with a successful file sharing system for the newly introduced IBM-compatible PC. This network operating system was later called Novell NetWare.

Under Noorda's watch, Novell acquired several companies and products with the goal of countering Microsoft's rapid spread into new markets, including Digital Research, Unix System Laboratories, WordPerfect, and Borland's Quattro Pro. Microsoft CEO Bill Gates claimed that Noorda had a "tremendous vendetta" against Microsoft and that Noorda had supported the Federal Trade Commission's antitrust investigations of Microsoft in the early 1990s that led to a consent decree restricting its operating system licensing practices.[4][5]

Noorda ran Novell until 1993. He was succeeded by Robert Frankenberg in 1994.[6]

Later career

Up to his death, Noorda owned the Canopy Group. One of its holdings, Caldera, purchased the Unix assets in 1995 from the Santa Cruz Operation, which had acquired them from Novell. In 1996 it also acquired the Digital Research assets from Novell and immediately brought a lawsuit against Microsoft that largely duplicated the claims that the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and Department of Justice had pursued in the early 1990s. The lawsuit was ultimately settled in 2000 with a $275 million payment to Caldera.

Noorda received honorary doctorates from the University of Utah in 1994 and Weber State University in 1995. As a consequence of age and associated health issues (Alzheimer's disease and heart disease), Noorda did not participate in the day-to-day management of Canopy's affairs after 1998.[7][8]

Noorda was inducted into the Junior Achievement U.S. Business Hall of Fame in 1995.

Noorda had four sons and one daughter. His daughter committed suicide in 2005.[9] Noorda died on 9 October 2006 at his home in Orem, Utah, at the age of 82.


  1. ^ Famous Mormons in Business
  2. ^ "Obituary: Raymond John Nooorda (1st part)" Deseret News, 13 October 2006.
  3. ^ "Obituary: Raymond John Noorda (2nd part)" Deseret News, 13 October 2006.
  4. ^ Lewyn, Mark; Richard Brandt (1993-09-27). "Novell vs. Microsoft: What's Behind the Hate". BusinessWeek. 
  5. ^ Wendy Goldman Rohm (1998), The Microsoft File, ISBN 88-11-73868-7
  6. ^ Fisher, Lawrence M. (6 April 1994). Longtime Hewlett Executive Named Novell Chief. New York Times
  7. ^ "Canopy's motion to remove Yarro as director and memo - as text". Groklaw. February 27, 2005. 
  8. ^ Gray, Sadie. The Times 
  9. ^ "Noorda's Daughter Committed Suicide". Open Source Magazine. March 21, 2005. 


  • biographical details NNDB bio
  • Ray Noorda, computer pioneer, dies at 82 (Salt Lake Tribune, Monday, 9 October 2006)
  • Technology pioneer Ray Noorda dies (Canopy press release)
  • Good-bye Mr. Noorda (Stephen J. Vaughn-Nichols, Linux-Watch)
  • obituary in The Independent (UK) by Marcus Williamson

External links

  • Raymond John Noorda at the Wayback Machine (archived July 14, 2010) (
  • Surfing a High Tech Wave: A story of Novell's Early Years 1980-1990
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.