World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Reginald De Koven

Reginald De Koven in 1904

Henry Louis Reginald De Koven (April 3, 1859 – January 16, 1920) was an American music critic and prolific composer, particularly of comic operas.


  • Biography 1
  • Works 2
    • Selected stage works 2.1
    • Other compositions 2.2
  • Notes 3
  • External links 4


De Koven was born in Middletown, Connecticut, and moved to Europe in 1870, where he received the majority of his education. He graduated from St John's College of Oxford University in England in 1879. He undertook various musical studies at Stuttgart with Speidel and with Lebert and Pruckner. He studied composition at Frankfurt with Dr. Hauff, and after staying there for six months moved on to Florence, Italy, where he studied singing with Vanuccini. Study in operatic composition followed, first with Richard Genée, in Vienna, and then with Léo Delibes, in Paris.

De Koven returned to the U.S. in 1882 to live in Chicago, Illinois, and later lived in New York. He was able to find scope for his wide musical knowledge as a critic with Chicago's Evening Post, Harper's Weekly and New York World. Many of his songs became popular, especially "Oh Promise Me", with words by Clement Scott, which was one of the biggest song successes of its time and remains a wedding standard.

Between 1887 and 1913, De Koven composed 20 light operas, in addition to hundreds of songs, orchestral works, sonatas and ballets. While Victor Herbert's operettas were heavily influencedy by those of continental operetta composers, De Koven's works were patterned after Gilbert and Sullivan.[1] His greatest success was Robin Hood, which premiered in Chicago in 1890 but was performed all across the country.[2] It played in New York at the Knickerbocker Theatre and in London, in 1891, and at New York's Garden Theatre in 1892, and it continued to be revived for many years. His other operettas included The Fencing Master (1892, Casino Theatre, New York); Rob Roy, first produced in Detroit, Michigan, 1894;[3] The Highwayman (1897, Herald Square Theatre, New York);[4] The Little Duchess (1901, Casino Theatre, New York); and The Beauty Spot (1909, Herald Square Theatre).

From 1902 to 1904, De Koven conducted the Washington, D.C. symphony. His wife, Anna de Koven, was a well-known socialite, novelist and amateur historian who published her works under the name "Mrs. Reginald de Koven." The music press doubted that De Koven could compose serious operas. His opera The Canterbury Pilgrims (with a libretto by poet and dramatist Percy MacKaye) premiered at the Metropolitan Opera in 1917.[5] He composed a second opera, Rip Van Winkle (also with a libretto by MacKaye) but died before it was performed in 1920 in Chicago.

One obituary asserted that he proved that "the American stage was not dependent upon foreign composers."[6]


Cover of "Rip Van Winkle" opera by Reginald De Koven, 1919

Selected stage works

  • The Begum (1887), operetta, libretto by Harry B. Smith
  • Robin Hood (1890) operetta, libretto by Harry B. Smith
  • The Fencing Master (1892) operetta, libretto by Harry B. Smith
  • The Algerian (1893) operetta, libretto by Glen MacDonough
  • Rob Roy (1894), operetta, libretto by Harry B. Smith
  • The Mandarin (1896), operetta, libretto by Harry B. Smith
  • The Highwayman (1897), operetta, libretto by Harry B. Smith
  • The Three Dragoons (1899), operetta, libretto by Harry B. Smith
  • The Man in the Moon (1899), musical, music by De Koven, Ludwig Englander and Gustave Kerker, book and lyrics by Louis Harrison and Stanislaus Strange
  • Papa's Wife (1899), musical, lyrics by De Koven, book by Harry B. Smith, lyrics by Smith and De Koven
  • Broadway to Tokio (1900), musical, book and lyrics by Louis Harrison and George V. Hobart
  • Foxy Quiller (In Corsica) (1900), operetta, libretto by Harry B. Smith
  • The Little Duchess (1901) musical, book and lyrics by Harry B. Smith
  • Maid Marian (1902), musical, book and lyrics by Harry B. Smith
  • Red Feather (1903), operetta, book by Charles Klein, lyrics by Charles Emerson Cook
  • Happyland; or, The King of Elysia (1905), operetta, libretto by Frederic Ranken
  • The Student King (1906), operetta, libretto by Frederic Ranken and Stanislaus Stange
  • The Golden Butterfly (1908), operetta, libretto by Harry B. Smith
  • The Beauty Spot (1909), musical, book by Joseph W. Herbert, lyrics by Terry Sullivan
  • The Wedding Trip (1911), operetta, book by Fred De Gresac, lyrics by Harry B. Smith
  • The Canterbury Pilgrims (1916), opera, libretto by Percy MacKaye[7]
  • Rip Van Winkle (1919), opera, libretto by Percy MacKaye[8]

Other compositions

  • Prelude in G minor
  • Rosalie: Chansonette (1901)


  1. ^ "Henry Louis Reginald De Koven, Victorian operettist", US Opera
  2. ^ Robin HoodVocal score of
  3. ^ Rob RoyVocal score of
  4. ^ The HighwaymanVocal score of
  5. ^ The Canterbury PilgrimsVocal score of
  6. ^ Mobile Press Register, January 21, 1920.
  7. ^ The Canterbury Pilgrims
  8. ^ Rip Van Winkle

External links


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.