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Regions of Niger

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Niger

Niger is divided into seven regions (French: régions; singular – région), each named after its capital.

Contents

  • Current regions 1
  • Current administrative structure 2
  • Restructuring 3
    • 1992 division 3.1
  • Historical evolution 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6

Current regions

Region Area
(km2) [1]
Population
(2012 census)
Agadez 667,799 487,620
Diffa 156,906 593,821
Dosso 33,844 2,037,713
Maradi 41,796 3,402,094
Niamey 402 1,026,848
Tahoua 113,371 3,328,365
Tillabéri 97,251 2,722,842
Zinder 155,778 3,539,764

Current administrative structure

The Regions are subdivided into departments and communes. As of 2005, there were 36 départements, divided into 265 communes, 122 cantons and 81 groupements. The latter two categories cover all areas not covered by urban communes (population over 10000) or rural communes (total population 13 million), and are governed by the department, whereas communes have had elected councils and mayors since 1999. Additional semi-autonomous subdivisions include sultanates, provinces and tributaries (tribus).[2] The Nigerien government estimates there are an additional 17000 villages administered by rural cmmmunes, while there are a number of quartiers (boroughs or neighborhoods) administered by urban communes.[3]

Restructuring

Prior to the devolution program on 1999-2006, the regions were styled as departments. The current departments used to be called arrondissements.[4]]

1992 division

Tillabéri department was created in 1992, when Niamey Region (then called "department") was split, with the area immediately outside Niamey renamed as the capital district.[5]

Historical evolution

Prior to independence, Niger was divided into sixteen cercles as second-level administrative divisions: Agadez, Birni N'Konni, Dogondoutchi, Dosso, Filingué, Gouré, Madaoua, Magaria, Maradi, N'Guigmi, Niamey, Tahoua, Téra, Tessaoua, Tillabéry, and Zinder. Their capitals had the same names as the cercle.

After independence, the 31 December 1961 Law of territorial organization created 31 circonscriptions. The 16 colonial cercles continued to exist, and served as a level of division above these circonscriptions. Four cercles (Dogondoutchi, Filingué, N'Guigmi, and Téra) had only one circonscription. The Law of August 14, 1964 then reorganized the country into seven departments, adopting the French second-level administration naming system, in contrast to neighbor Mali, which retained the colonial cercles and regions.

See also

References

  1. ^ Niger at GeoHive
  2. ^ Loi 2001-23, Article 6
  3. ^ GOUVERNEMENT DE LA RÉPUBLIQUE DU NIGER. APPUI À LA MISE EN ŒUVRE DU NEPAD–PDDAA, TCP/NER/2908 (I) (NEPAD Ref. 05/24 F), Volume IV de VI : PROFIL DE PROJET D’INVESTISSEMENT BANCABLE, Programme national de développement des infrastructures rurales (PNDIR) Government of the Republic of Niger, 24 April 2005, hosted bt the FAO.
  4. ^ *Mbaye Mbengue FAYE, Faria Ibrahim GESTION DES DECHETS ISSUS DES SOINS DE SANTE (DISS):RAPPORT PROVISOIRE, World Bank, Niamey, Décembre 2001.
    • FONDS AFRICAIN DE DEVELOPPEMENT: ETUDE DE MOBILISATION DES EAUX DANS LA REGION DE MARADI NIGER. DEPARTEMENT AGRICULTURE ET DEVELOPPEMENT RURAL, OCAR. African Development Bank Group, MARCH 2003
    • [1]ACCORD ÉTABLISSANT UNE PAIX DÉFINITIVE ENTRE LE GOUVERNEMENT DE LA RÉPUBLIQUE DU NIGER ET L?ORGANISATION DE LA RÉSISTANCE ARMÉE (O. R. A.)
  5. ^ According to Statoids: "~1992: Tillabéry Region/department split from Niamey (whose FIPS code was NG05 before the change). Status of Niamey changed from department to capital district."
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