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René Lacoste

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René Lacoste

René Lacoste
Country (sports)  France
Born (1904-07-02)2 July 1904
Paris, France
Died 12 October 1996(1996-10-12) (aged 92)
Saint-Jean-de-Luz, France
Retired 1932
Plays Right-handed (one-handed backhand)
Int. Tennis HoF 1976 (member page)
Singles
Highest ranking No. 1 (1926, A. Wallis Myers)
Grand Slam Singles results
French Open W (1925, 1927, 1929)
Wimbledon W (1925, 1928)
US Open W (1926, 1927)
Other tournaments
Olympic Games QF (1924)
Doubles
Grand Slam Doubles results
French Open W (1925, 1929)
Wimbledon W (1925)
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
US Open F (1926, 1927)
Team competitions
Davis Cup W (1927, 1928)

Jean René Lacoste (French pronunciation: ​; 2 July 1904 – 12 October 1996) was a French tennis player and businessman. He was nicknamed "the Crocodile" by fans because of his tenacity on the court; he is also known worldwide as the creator of the Lacoste tennis shirt, which he introduced in 1929.

Lacoste was one of The Four Musketeers with Jean Borotra, Jacques Brugnon, and Henri Cochet, French tennis stars who dominated the game in the 1920s and early 1930s. He won seven Grand Slam singles titles at the French, American, and British championships and was an eminent baseline player and tactician of the pre-war period. As a member of the French team, he won the Davis Cup in 1927 and 1928. Lacoste was the World No. 1 player for both 1926 and 1927.[1]

Contents

  • Tennis career 1
    • Playing style 1.1
  • Business career 2
  • Personal life 3
  • Grand Slam finals 4
    • Singles: 10 (7 titles, 3 runners-up) 4.1
    • Doubles: 4 (3 titles, 1 runners-up) 4.2
    • Mixed doubles: 2 (2 runners-up) 4.3
  • Grand Slam singles tournament timeline 5
  • See also 6
  • Notes 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Tennis career

Lacoste in 1922

Lacoste started playing tennis at age 15 when he accompanied his father on a trip to England.[1][2] His first participation in a Grand Slam tournament was the 1922 Wimbledon Championships in which he lost in the first round to Pat O'Hara Wood. The following year, 1923, he reached the fourth round at Wimbledon to be narrowly defeated by Cecil Campbell, and he competed for the first time in the U.S. Championships.

His breakthrough came in 1925 when he won the singles title at the French Championships and at Wimbledon, in both cases after a victory in the final against compatriot Jean Borotra. The following year, 1926, Lacoste lost his French title after a straight-sets defeat in the final to Henri Cochet. He did not compete at Wimbledon that year, but in September he won the U.S. National Championships title against Borotra. He was ranked No.1 for 1926 by A. Wallis Myers, tennis correspondent of The Daily Telegraph.

In 1927, dubbed 'The finest year in tennis history' by E. Digby Baltzell, Lacoste was part of the French team that captured the Davis Cup from the United States, ending the latter's 6-year title run. The final was played at the Germantown Cricket Club in Philadelphia and Lacoste won both his singles matches against Bill Johnston and Bill Tilden.[3][4] He played Tilden in two Grand Slam tournament finals that year and won both of them. At the French Championships he was victorious in five sets; at the U.S. National Championships he defended his title and denied Tilden his seventh U.S. title by winning in straight sets, although he survived setpoints in the first and third set and was down a break in the second.[5] At Wimbledon Lacoste lost a five-set semifinal to Borotra.[6] For the second successive year he was ranked No.1.

In 1928 Lacoste lost his French title after a four-set loss in the final against Cochet. He took revenge by beating Cochet in the final of the Wimbledon Championships after having defeated Tilden in a five-set semifinal. The Challenge Round of the 1928 Davis Cup against the United States was played at the Stade Roland Garros in Paris on 27–29 July. The stadium was specifically constructed to host France's first defense of the Davis Cup.[7] Lacoste lost the first rubber in a five-set match to Tilden but France won the remaining rubbers to defeat the challengers 4–1 and retain the cup. Lacoste did not participate in the 1928 U.S. Championships.

Between 1923 and 1928 Lacoste played 51 Davis Cup matches for France in 26 ties and compiled a record of 32–8 in singles and 8–3 in doubles.

The only major championship he played in 1929 was the French and he won his seventh, and last, Grand Slam singles title after a tight five-set final against Jean Borotra.[8] Failing health, including respiratory disease, led to his withdrawal from competitive tennis in 1929 although he would make a brief comeback at the 1932 French Championships, where he defeated reigning Wimbledon champion Sidney Wood in the third round, but lost in the fourth to Harry Lee.[9][10] He was the non-playing captain of the French Davis Cup team in 1932 and 1933.

The Four Musketeers were inducted simultaneously into the International Tennis Hall of Fame, in Newport, Rhode Island, in 1976. In his 1979 autobiography, Jack Kramer, the long-time tennis promoter and great player himself, included Lacoste in his list of the 21 greatest players of all time.[1]

In 1928 Lacoste authored a book titled 'Lacoste on Tennis' .[2][11]

There are numerous explanations of why Lacoste was originally nicknamed the Crocodile. A 2006


External links

  1. ^ a b c Bud Collins (2010). The Bud Collins History of Tennis (2nd ed.). [New York]: New Chapter Press. pp. 598, 599.  
  2. ^ a b Robin Finn (14 October 1996). "Rene Lacoste Dies at 92; Gave Fashion the Alligator". The New York Times. 
  3. ^ "Davis Cup – 1927 Results". ITF. Retrieved 30 June 2012. 
  4. ^ David J. Walsh (11 September 1927). "Two 'Bills' Fall Before French Tennis Stars". The Miami News. pp. 1, 11. 
  5. ^ a b c Robertson, Max (1974). The Encyclopedia of Tennis. London: Allen & Unwin. pp. 168–169, 276.  
  6. ^ "Borotra beats Lacoste".  
  7. ^ "History of the Stadium". www.rolandgarros.com.  
  8. ^ a b William Shirer (4 June 1929). "Lacoste beats Borotra; Takes 3d French title".  
  9. ^ a b c Tom Sweetman (11 September 2014). "'"Rene Lacoste: The lasting legacy of 'Le Crocodile.  
  10. ^ Davidson, Owen (1970). Lawn Tennis – The Great Ones. London: Pelham Books. pp. 34–38.  
  11. ^ "Lacoste on tennis". Worldcat. 
  12. ^ "Obituary: Bernard Lacoste, James Freedman". The New York Times. 23 March 2006. 
  13. ^ Quist, Adrian (1984). Tennis: The Greats 1920–1960. Sydney: ABC Enterprises and William Collins. p. 38.  
  14. ^ "Rene Lacoste, French Tennis Champion, to Take Golf Star As His Bride at Noon Monday". The Evening Independent. 13 June 1930. p. 4-A. 

References

  1. ^ Writing in 1979, Kramer considered the best player ever to have been either Jimmy Connors. He felt unable to rank Henri Cochet and René Lacoste accurately but felt they were among the very best.

Notes

See also

Tournament 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 Career SR
Australian Championships A A A A A A A A A A A 0 / 0
French Championships1 A A NH W F W F W A A 4R 3 / 6
Wimbledon 1R 4R F W A SF W A A A A 2 / 6
U.S. Championships A 2R QF QF W W A A A A A 2 / 5
SR 0 / 1 0 / 2 0 / 2 2 / 3 1 / 2 2 / 3 1 / 2 1 / 1 0 / 0 0 / 0 0 / 1 7 / 17

Grand Slam singles tournament timeline

Outcome Year Championship Partner Opponents in final Score in final
Runner-up 1926 US Championships Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman Elizabeth Ryan
Jean Borotra
4–6, 5–7
Runner-up 1927 US Championships Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman Eileen Bennett
Henri Cochet
2–6, 6–0, 3–6

Mixed doubles: 2 (2 runners-up)

Outcome Year Championship Partner Opponents in final Score in final
Winner 1925 French Championships Jean Borotra Jacques Brugnon
Henri Cochet
7–5, 4–6, 6–3, 2–6, 6–3
Winner 1925 Wimbledon Jean Borotra John Hennessey
Raymond Casey
6–4, 11–9, 4–6, 1–6, 6–3
Runner-up 1927 French Championships Jean Borotra Jacques Brugnon
Henri Cochet
6–2, 2–6, 0–6, 6–1, 4–6
Winner 1929 French Championships Jean Borotra Jacques Brugnon
Henri Cochet
6–3, 3–6, 6–3, 3–6, 8–6

Doubles: 4 (3 titles, 1 runners-up)

Outcome Year Championship Opponent in final Score in final
Runner-up 1924 Wimbledon Jean Borotra 1–6, 6–3, 1–6, 6–3, 4–6
Winner 1925 French Championships Jean Borotra 7–5, 6–1, 6–4
Winner 1925 Wimbledon Jean Borotra 6–3, 6–3, 4–6, 8–6
Runner-up 1926 French Championships Henri Cochet 2–6, 4–6, 3–6
Winner 1926 US National Championships Jean Borotra 6–4, 6–0, 6–4
Winner 1927 French Championships Bill Tilden 6–4, 4–6, 5–7, 6–3, 11–9
Winner 1927 US National Championships Bill Tilden 11–9, 6–3, 11–9
Runner-up 1928 French Championships Henri Cochet 7–5, 3–6, 1–6, 3–6
Winner 1928 Wimbledon Henri Cochet 6–1, 4–6, 6–4, 6–2
Winner 1929 French Championships Jean Borotra 6–3, 2–6, 6–0, 2–6, 8–6

Singles: 10 (7 titles, 3 runners-up)

Grand Slam finals

On 30 June 1930 he married the famous golfing champion, Simone de la Chaume.[14] Their daughter Catherine Lacoste was a champion golfer.

Personal life

When Lacoste died, French Advertising agency Publicis, who had been managing his company's account for decades, published a print ad with the Lacoste logo and the English words "See you later...", reinforcing the idea that the animal was perhaps an alligator.

In 1961, Lacoste created an innovation in racket technology by unveiling and patenting the first tubular steel tennis racket.[9] At that time, wood rackets were the norm; the new version's strings were attached to the frame by a series of wires, which wrapped around the racket head. The steel-tube racket was stiffer, and imparted a greater force to the ball during a stroke. It was marketed in Europe under the Lacoste brand, but in the United States it was marketed by Wilson Sporting Goods. Pierre Darmon debuted the racket at Wimbledon in 1963 but it achieved critical acclaim and huge popularity as the Wilson T-2000, used by American tennis greats Billie Jean King and Jimmy Connors.[9]

In 1933, Lacoste founded La Société Chemise Lacoste with André Gillier. The company produced the tennis shirt, also known as polo shirt, which Lacoste often wore when he was playing, which had a crocodile (often thought to be an alligator) embroidered on the chest. In 1963 his son Bernard took over the management of the company.

Business career

Lacoste was primarily a baseline player who relied on control, accuracy, and deeply-placed groundstrokes to put pressure on his opponents. In addition he possessed an excellent passing shot and backhand slice. Nicknamed the 'Tennis Machine' for his methodical game and ability to avoid errors, he was known as a devoted and hard-working player rather than a player with a great amount of natural talent.[13][8] His style was a complete contrast to that of his fellow Musketeer Henri Cochet.[5] Lacoste was a studious tactician who meticulously analysed his opponents and kept detailed notes on their strengths and weaknesses.[1][5]

Playing style

Lacoste (right) with Otto Froitzheim

[12]

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