World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Rockaway Point

Article Id: WHEBN0008522025
Reproduction Date:

Title: Rockaway Point  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: New York Harbor, Newark Bay, South Side Railroad of Long Island
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Rockaway Point

Coordinates: 40°33′23″N 73°55′34″W / 40.5564945°N 73.9262483°W / 40.5564945; -73.9262483

Breezy Point
Neighborhoods of New York City

Breezy Point Shopping Center
Nickname(s): Irish Riviera, Cois Farraige
Breezy Point
Breezy Point

Coordinates: 40°33′23″N 73°55′34″W / 40.5564945°N 73.9262483°W / 40.5564945; -73.9262483

Country United States
State New York
County Queens
Area
 • Total 0.78 sq mi (2.0 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,079
Ethnicity
 • White 98.2%
 • Black 0.1%
 • Hispanic 1.2%
 • Asian 0.6%
 • Other 0.1%
Economics
 • Median income $86,941
ZIP code 11697
Area code(s) 718, 347, 917, 646


Breezy Point is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Queens, located on the western end of the Rockaway peninsula, between Rockaway Inlet and Jamaica Bay on the landward side, and the Atlantic Ocean. The neighborhood is governed by Queens Community Board 14.[1] The community is run by the Breezy Point Cooperative, in which all residents pay the maintenance, security, and community-oriented costs involved with keeping the community private. The cooperative owns the entire 500-acre (2 km2) community; residents own their homes and hold shares in the cooperative.[2] Breezy Point and the Rockaways are less urbanized than most of the rest of New York City.

Breezy Point Tip, to the west of the community, is part of Gateway National Recreation Area, which is run by the National Park Service. This isolated, 200-acre (0.81 km2) area includes an ocean-facing beach, a shoreline on Jamaica Bay, sand dunes, and marshland. It is a breeding spot for the piping plover, least tern, black skimmer, American oystercatcher and common tern.[3]

Demographics

According to the United States Census Bureau, the community's ZIP code (11697) is 98.2% white and has the nation's 2nd highest concentration of Irish-Americans, at 60.3% as of the United States Census, 2000 (Squantum, in Quincy, Massachusetts, is #1, at 65%).[4] The community's demographics are maintained as a result of a Cooperative rule that a person, prior to buying a house, must be recommended by three members of the Cooperative and approved by its Board of Directors.[2][5] Breezy Point functions mainly as a summer get-away for many residents of New York. Estimates put summer residency at 12,000, while year-round residency was 4337 in the most recent Census.[4]

Due to its history of Irish-American population, Breezy Point has been called the "Irish Riviera." Since the mid 90's, Italians and Jews have also moved into Breezy Point, making the concentration of Irish-Americans drop.[6]

History

The community began as summer beach bungalows, in the "early 1900s," according to the New York Times.[6] Breezy Point was sold to the Atlantic Improvement State Corporation for $17 million in 1960. The residents of the community purchased half of the land for approximately $11 million and formed the Breezy Point Cooperative. Today, it consists of about 3,500 homes.[7] The construction of apartment buildings commenced in the late 1960s and was halted by City ordinance.[8]

Breezy Point is patrolled by its own private security force that restricts access to owners, renters and their guests. It also features three of New York City's ten remaining volunteer fire departments.[9]

On September 8, 2012, the community was struck by a tornado shortly before 11 a.m. that started as a waterspout over the Atlantic Ocean and came ashore at the Breezy Point Surf Club.[10]

Hurricane Sandy

On October 29, 2012, Breezy Point was hit hard by Hurricane Sandy. Jamaica Bay and Atlantic Ocean flooded the land between these bodies of water. Most Breezy Point homes were damaged or destroyed by high water. Residents lost everything in their basements, and hundreds of vehicles were ruined by the storm. One car caught fire when someone tried to start their vehicle. Residents put the fire out before help arrived.[11]

At 10 pm, a six-alarm fire was reported at 173 Ocean Avenue. Local volunteer firefighters were trapped in place for several hours due to the flooding. Once the waters receded, the Point Breeze and Rockaway Point Fire Departments rescued more than 41 civilians. FDNY could not get into Breezy due to the high flood levels. Point Breeze FD extinguished fires by the promenade. Rockaway Point and Roxbury are located on the ocean side. Rockaway Point lost all their rigs due to high water and helped Roxbury with their lines. They found 130 homes burnt to the ground,.[12][13] Nearby, another 50 homes were damaged by the fire.[11] According to an official report in December, rising seawater caused the fire by contacting a house's electrical wires.[14]

Ecology

According the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, beaches on the Breezy Point peninsula are home to one of the most diverse breeding shorebird areas in the Metropolitan area. Shorebirds that breed here include:

The beaches are owned by the federal government and are federally and state-protected areas in which development is extremely limited.

Education

Breezy Point residents are zoned for schools in the Kindergarten through 8. The beaches in Breezy Point are owned by the Breezy Point Cooperative as a consequence of litigation with the federal government in the 1980s.

Shops

Breezy Point Shopping Center includes the Blarney Castle pub, Deirdre Maeve's grocery store, the Sandcastle work clothing store, a Ridgewood Savings Bank branch, a coffee shop, a hardware store, a liquor store, and an auto repair shop and independent gift shop. The main office of the Cooperative is also located here.

Elsewhere in the community are a beauty salon, a beach bar, two restaurants, a surf shop, a travel agency, and The Dug Out, a walk-up bar-style candy, snacks shop, and teenaged hangout, which operates during the summer.

Notable residents

Notable current and former residents of Breezy Point include:

References

External links

  • Breezy Point Tip visitor information
  • Breezy Point 9/11 Memorial
  • Breezy Point Catholic Club Pipes & Drums Band
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.