Roman Catholicism in Bahrain

The Roman Catholic Church in Bahrain is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome.

Contents

  • 20th century 1
  • 21st century 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

20th century

The first Catholic church built in the Persian Gulf in modern times was constructed in 1939 on land given by the Emir of Bahrain.[1] Sacred Heart Church serves approximately 140,000 Catholics.[2]

Bahrain established diplomatic relations with the Vatican in 1999.[3]

21st century

In August 2012, the Apostolic Vicariate of Northern Arabia was created by the Holy See, with its headquarters in Bahrain.[4] The largest Catholic church in the Persian Gulf is to be constructed in Awali, south of Manama, the country's capital.[1] The land for the church is being provided by King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa due to a request from Pope Benedict XVI in December 2008, and will cover 9,000 square meters.[1][3] It will be the headquarters for the Apostolic Vicariate of Northern Arabia, and also open to other Christian denominations.[1] Protests from various Islamist groups have occurred over the donation.[1] Although Bahrain does have a small native Christian population, most Catholics in Bahrain are expatriates from India, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Lebanon, and Western countries.[3] Many parishioners cross the border from Saudi Arabia, where there are no churches and practising Christianity publicly is forbidden.[3] There are currently two churches in the country; Sacred Heart Church in the capital Manama, and Our Lady of the Visitation in Awali in central Bahrain.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Plan for Catholic church makes waves in Bahrain".  
  2. ^ a b Habib Toumi (2011-11-17). "Bahrain is home to 19 churches". Gulf News. Retrieved 2013-02-11. 
  3. ^ a b c d Habib Toumi (2008-12-26). "Bahrain will donate land to build new Catholic church". The Gulf News. Retrieved 2013-02-11. 
  4. ^ "Catholic vicariate moves from Kuwait to Bahrain". Catholic News Agency. 2012-08-14. Retrieved 2013-02-11. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.