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Romanian American

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Title: Romanian American  
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Subject: Romanians, Demographics of Chicago, European American, Moldovan American, Romanian Canadian
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Romanian American

Romanian American
George Pomutz
George Palade
Nicolae Georgescu
Total population
518,653 (2000 census)[1]
Regions with significant populations
Illinois, Southwest, New York, Ohio
Languages
American English, Romanian
Religion
Predominantly Romanian Orthodoxy
Catholicism, Romanian Greek Catholicism, Judaism and smaller Protestantism
Related ethnic groups
Romanian Canadian, European American

Romanian Americans (Romanian: român american) are Americans who have Romanian ancestry. According to the 2000 US Census, 367,310 Americans indicated Romanian as their first ancestry,[2] while 518,653 persons declared to have Romanian ancestry.[1] Other sources provide higher estimates for the numbers of Romanian Americans in the contemporary US; for example, the Romanian-American Network Inc. supplies a rough estimate of 1.1 million who are fully or partially of Romanian ethnicity.[3] There is also a significant number of persons of Romanian Jewish ancestry, estimated at about 225,000.[4]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Distribution 2
  • Romanian American culture 3
  • Gallery 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • Further reading 7
  • External links 8

History

The first Romanian known to have been to what is now the United States was Samuel Damian (also spelled Domien), a priest.[5] Samuel Damian's name appears as far back as 1748, when he placed an advertisement in the South Carolina Gazette announcing the electrical demonstrations he planned to give and inviting the public to attend. Letters written in 1753 and 1755 by Benjamin Franklin attest to the fact that the two had met and had carried on discussions concerning electricity.[5] Damian remained in the States some years living in South Carolina, then travelled on to Jamaica and disappeared from historical record.[6][7]

There were several Romanian generals who became ranking officers in the Nicolae Dunca, who fought in the Battle of Cross Keys in Virginia. Another Romanian soldier, Eugen Teodoresco, fought in the Spanish–American War in 1898.[6]

The first major wave of Romanian immigrants to the United States took place between 1895 and 1920, in which 145,000 Romanians entered the country. They came from various regions in Moldavia, Transylvania and neighboring countries such as Ukraine and Serbia with significant Romanian population.[8] The majority of these immigrants particularly those from Transylvania and Banat that were under Austro-Hungarian rule left their native regions because of economic depression and forced assimilation, a policy practiced by Hungarian rulers.[9]

They settled mostly in the industrial centers in

See also

Gallery

One of the best known foods of Romanian origin is Pastrama.

The Romanian culture can be seen in many different kinds, like Romanian music, newspapers, churches, cultural organizations and groups, such as the Romanian-American Congress or the Round Table Society NFP. Religion, predominantly within the Romanian Orthodox Church and the Romanian Greek Catholic Church, is an important trace of the Romanian presence in the United States, with churches in almost all bigger cities throughout the country. American children of Romanian origin are often taught both Romanian and English.

Romanian culture has merged with American culture, characterized by Romanian-born Americans adopting American culture or American-born people having strong Romanian heritage.

Romanian American culture

  1. New York (161,900)
  2. California (128,133)
  3. Florida (121,015)
  4. Michigan (119,624)
  5. Pennsylvania (114,529)
  6. Illinois (106,017)
  7. Delaware (84,958)
  8. Ohio (83,228)
  9. State of Georgia (47,689)
  10. Indianapolis (42,989) (not a state)
  11. Dallas (14,878) (not a state)

The states with the ten largest estimated Romanian American populations are:[11]

Romanian Americans are distributed throughout the U.S., with concentrations found in the east and the northeast of the country, such as in the states of Metro Atlanta), Florida (South Florida) and Alabama (Montgomery). There are also significant communities of Romanian Americans in the far east and west of the United States, particularly in New York and California (Los Angeles and Sacramento) and Arizona (Tucson).

Holy Trinity Romanian Orthodox Church in Philadelphia

Distribution

In the 2000 United States census, 340,000 Americans of age 5 years and older (or 0.11% of the total US population) were identified as speakers of Romanian, ranking it 21st among languages spoken in the US.

Over 53% of all foreign-born Romanian Americans came to the US after 1980. Some sources supply estimates of particular Romanian American community populations which are considerably higher than the most recently available U.S. census count. The estimated numbers depend on the reliability of the estimation method used and how membership of the Romanian American community is defined.

After the Second World War, the number of Romanians who migrated to the United States increased again. This time, they settled mostly in California, Florida and New York and they came from throughout Romania.

During the interwar period, the number of ethnic Romanians who migrated to the US decreased as a consequence of the economic development in Romania, but the number of Jews who migrated to the US increased, mostly after the rise of the fascist Iron Guard.

[10]

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