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Roosevelt family

Roosevelt
Theodore Roosevelt and family in 1903.
Ethnicity Dutch, English, and Scottish
Current region New York and New England
Earlier spellings Rosevelt, van Rosenvelt, van Rosevelt
Place of origin Netherlands
England
Scotland
Notable members Theodore Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
Connected families Delano family
Du Pont family
Astor family
Livingston family
Longworth family
Estate Sagamore Hill and Top Cottage
Name origin and meaning "From rose field" (Dutch)

The Roosevelt family is a prominent American business and political family whose members include United States Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and Franklin D. Roosevelt, as well as First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt.[1] The Roosevelts were among the earliest to settle in the Dutch colonial settlement of New Amsterdam, in what would later become New York.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Van Rosevelts of Oud-Vossemeer 1.1
    • Claes van Rosenvelt 1.2
  • Coats of arms 2
  • Family tree 3
  • Members 4
    • Oyster Bay Roosevelts 4.1
    • Hyde Park Roosevelts 4.2
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

Van Rosevelts of Oud-Vossemeer

It has been suggested that Claes van Rosenvelt could have been related to the Van Rosevelts of Oud-Vossemeer, who were amt lords in the Tholen region of the Netherlands. While evidence suggests that Claes van Rosenvelt, the ancestor to the American Roosevelt family, indeed came from the Tholen region where the Van Rosevelts were land owners, no records exist that prove that he is related to the noble family. It may simply be a coincidence, or Claes van Rosenvelt may have chosen the name purposely because of its noble origins or to honor his local amt lord, as was common practice for peasants of the time.[2][3]

Claes van Rosenvelt

Claes Maartenszen van Rosenvelt, the immigrant ancestor of the Roosevelt family, arrived in Midtown Manhattan, including the present site of the Empire State Building.[4] The property included roughly what is now the area between Lexington Avenue and Fifth Avenue bounded by 29th St. and 35th St.

Claes' son Nicholas was the first to use the spelling Roosevelt and the first to hold political office, as an alderman. His children Johannes and Jacobus were, respectively, the progenitors of the Oyster Bay and Hyde Park branches of the family that emerged in the 18th century. By the late 19th century, the Hyde Park Roosevelts were generally associated with the Democratic Party and the Oyster Bay Roosevelts with the Republican Party. President Theodore Roosevelt, an Oyster Bay Roosevelt, was President Franklin Roosevelt's fifth cousin. Despite political differences that led family members to actively campaign against each other, the two branches generally remained friendly. James Roosevelt met his wife at a Roosevelt family gathering in the home of Theodore's mother, and James' son Franklin married Theodore's niece Eleanor.

The Roosevelt Family is generally associated with the state of New York. Harvard University educations have been common among many members of the Roosevelt Family.

Coats of arms

The coat of arms of the Roosevelt Family
Information
Date of origin 17th century
Shield Three roses one in pale and two in saltire gules barbed seeded slipped and leaved proper.[5]
Crest and mantle Upon a torse argent and gules, Three ostrich plumes each per pale gules and argent, the mantling gules doubled argent.[5]

In heraldry, canting arms are a visual or pictorial play on a surname, and were and still are a popular practice. It would be common to find roses, then, in arms of many Roosevelt families, even unrelated ones. Also, grassy mounds or fields of green would be a familiar attribute.

The Van Rosevelts of Oud-Vossemeer in Zeeland have a coat of arms that is divided horizontally, the top portion with a white chevron between three white roses, while the bottom half is gold with a red lion rampant. A traditional blazon suggested would be, Per fess vert a chevron between three roses argent and Or a lion rampant gules.[5]

The coat of arms of the namesakes of the Dutch immigrant Claes van Rosenvelt, ancestor of the American political family that included Theodore and Franklin D. Roosevelt, were white with a rosebush with three rose flowers growing upon a grassy mound, and whose crest was of three ostrich feathers divided into red and white halves each. In heraldic terms this would be described as, Argent upon a grassy mound a rose bush proper bearing three roses gules barbed and seeded all proper, with a crest upon a torse argent and gules of Three ostrich plumes each per pale gules and argent. Franklin Roosevelt altered his arms to rid of the rosebush and use in its place three crossed roses on their stems, changing the blazon of his shield to Three roses one in pale and two in saltire gules barbed seeded slipped and leaved proper.[5]

Family tree

 
 
 
 
 
Claes Maartenszen van Rosenvelt
emigrated to America c. 1649
(died 1659)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nicholas Roosevelt
(1658–1742)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Johannes Roosevelt
Oyster Bay branch
(1689–1750)
 
 
 
Jacobus Roosevelt
Hyde Park branch
(1692–1776)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jacobus Roosevelt
(1724–1777)
 
 
 
Isaac Roosevelt
(1726–1794)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
James Jacobus Roosevelt
(1759–1840)
 
 
 
Jacobus Roosevelt III
(1760–1847)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cornelius Van Schaack Roosevelt
(1794–1871)
 
 
 
Isaac Daniel Roosevelt
(1790–1863)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Theodore Roosevelt, Sr.
(1831–1878)
 
 
 
James
Roosevelt

(1828–1900)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Theodore "T.R." Roosevelt, Jr.
(1858–1919)
 
Elliott Bulloch Roosevelt
(1860–1894)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Theodore "Ted" Roosevelt III
(1887–1944)
 
Anna Eleanor Roosevelt
(1884–1962)
 
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Sr.
(1882–1945)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Anna Eleanor Roosevelt
(1906–1975)
 
James
Roosevelt

(1907–1991)
 
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Jr.
(1909–1909)
 
Elliott
Roosevelt

(1910–1990)
 
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Jr.
(1914–1988)
 
John Aspinwall Roosevelt II
(1916–1981)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Franklin Delano Roosevelt III
(b. 1938)

Members

Oyster Bay Roosevelts

Hyde Park Roosevelts

See also

References

Notes
  1. ^ Moore, Frazier (September 10, 2014). "PBS' 'The Roosevelts' portrays an epic threesome".  
  2. ^ "Amt lords". Ambachtsheerlijkheid. Retrieved 27 November 2009. 
  3. ^ "Oud Vossemeer". Oudvossemeer.com. Retrieved 28 February 2008. 
  4. ^ "Lambert Jochemse van Valckenburch of New Amsterdam". VanValkenburg.org. Retrieved 2008-02-28. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Theodore Roosevelt and Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 26th and 32nd Presidents of the United States". American Heraldry Society. Retrieved October 28, 2009. 
  6. ^ The New York civil list. Google Books. Retrieved 27 November 2009. 
  7. ^ John Lippert; Jim Efstathiou Jr.; Mike Lee (April 1, 2013). "Republican Born Roosevelt Digs Deep for Texas Oil Found With CO2". Bloomberg Markets Magazine. Retrieved April 2, 2013. 
Further reading
  • Cobb, William T. (1946). The Strenuous Life: The Oyster Bay Roosevelts in Business and Finance. William E. Rudge's Sons. 
  • Collier, Peter; David Horowitz (1994). The Roosevelts: An American Saga.  
  • Hubert, Philip G. (1903). The Merchants' National Bank of the City of New York. 
  • Schriftgiesser, Karl (1942). The Amazing Roosevelt Family, 1613–1942. Wildred Funk, Inc. 
  • Scoville, Joseph A. (1863). The Old Merchants of New York City. New York, NY: Carlton. 
  • Whittelsey, Charles B. (1902). The Roosevelt Genealogy, 1649–1902. 

External links

  • , August 7, 1994.The Roosevelts: An American Saga interview with Peter Collier on Booknotes
  • , May 9, 1999.The Roosevelt Women interview with Betty Boyd Caroli on Booknotes
  • , May 6, 2001.The Three Roosevelts: Patrician Leaders Who Transformed America interview with Susan Dunn on Booknotes
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