World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Round barrow

Article Id: WHEBN0001150075
Reproduction Date:

Title: Round barrow  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Knowlton Circles, Tumulus, Neolithic Europe, Henge, List of prehistoric structures in Great Britain
Collection: Barrows, Bronze Age Britain, Monument Types, Stone Age Britain
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Round barrow

Schematic plans and sections of various types of round barrow

A round barrow is a type of tumulus and is one of the most common types of archaeological monuments. Although concentrated in Europe, they are found in many parts of the world, probably because of their simple construction and universal purpose.

Contents

  • Description 1
  • Examples 2
    • Scandinavia 2.1
      • Denmark 2.1.1
    • British Isles and Ireland 2.2
      • United Kingdom 2.2.1
        • Lincolnshire 2.2.1.1
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Description

At its simplest, a round barrow is a hemispherical mound of earth and/or stone raised over a burial placed in the middle. Beyond this there are numerous variations which may employ surrounding ditches, stone kerbs or flat berms between ditch and mound. Construction methods range from a single creation process of heaped material to a complex depositional sequence involving alternating layers of stone, soil and turf with timbers or wattle used to help hold the structure together.

The central burial may be placed a stone chamber or cist or in a cut grave. Both intact inhumations and cremations placed in vessels can be found.

Many round barrows attract surrounding satellite burials or later ones inserted into the mound itself. In some cases these occur hundreds or even thousands of years after the original barrow was built and were placed by entirely different cultures.

Numerous subtypes include the bell barrow, bowl barrow, saucer barrow and disc barrow.

Examples

Scandinavia

Denmark

Denmark has many tumuli, including round barrows. The round barrows here, was built over a very broad span of time and culture, from the Neolithic Stone Age to the Viking Age and shows a large variation of construction design, while sharing a common exterior look.[1] Tumulis was protected by law in 1937.

British Isles and Ireland

In the British Isles, round barrows generally date to the Early Bronze Age although Neolithic examples are also known. Later round barrows were also sometimes used by Roman, Viking and Saxon societies. Examples include Rillaton barrow and Round Loaf. Where several contemporary round barrows are grouped together, the area is referred to as a barrow cemetery.

United Kingdom

Round barrows on the chalk ridge of Bronkam Hill in Dorset, U.K. There are numerous round barrows along the south Dorset Ridgeway, including some well-preserved examples of the different sub-types.
Lincolnshire
  • Beacon Hill, near Cleethorpes
  • Bully Hill, near Tealby
  • Bully Hills, Gräberfeld near Tathwell
  • Burgh on Bain, Barrows near Burgh on Bain
  • Burwell Wood, Barrows near Muckton
  • Buslingthorpe, near Buslingthorpe
  • Butterbumps, Gräberfeld near Willoughby
  • Cleatham Barrow, near Manton
  • Donnington-on-Bain, near Donington on Bain
  • Folk Moot & Butt Mound, near Silk Willoughby
  • Fordington Barrows, near Ulceby
  • Grim's Mound, near Burgh on Bain
  • Hagworthingham, near Hagworthingham
  • Hatcliffe Barrow, near Hatcliffe
  • Howe Hill, near Ulceby
  • King's Hill, Barrow/Mound near Bardney
  • Ludford Barrow, near Ludford
  • Mill Hill, near Claxby
  • Revesby Barrows, near Revesby
  • Ring Holt, near Dalby

See also

References

  1. ^ Dictionary: Rundhøj Alt om Fortidsminder (Denmarks' Cultural Heritage agency) (Danish)

External links

  • Round barrow and barrow cemetery search results from The Megalithic Portal.
  • Chart of Neolithic, Bronze Age and Celtic structures from Pretanic World.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.