World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Roy Mason

Article Id: WHEBN0000856143
Reproduction Date:

Title: Roy Mason  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: First Wilson ministry, Anthony Crosland, Ian Gilmour, Baron Gilmour of Craigmillar, Merlyn Rees, Tony Benn
Collection: 1924 Births, 2015 Deaths, British Secretaries of State, Deputy Lieutenants of South Yorkshire, English Miners, Labour Party (Uk) Life Peers, Labour Party (Uk) Mps, Living People, Members of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for English Constituencies, Members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, People from Royston, South Yorkshire, People of the Troubles (Northern Ireland), Politics of Barnsley, Secretaries of State for Defence (Uk), Secretaries of State for Northern Ireland, Uk Mps 1951–55, Uk Mps 1955–59, Uk Mps 1959–64, Uk Mps 1964–66, Uk Mps 1966–70, Uk Mps 1970–74, Uk Mps 1974, Uk Mps 1974–79, Uk Mps 1979–83, Uk Mps 1983–87, United Kingdom Postmasters General
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Roy Mason

The Right Honourable
The Lord Mason of Barnsley
PC DL
Shadow Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food
In office
14 July 1979 – 24 November 1981
Prime Minister James Callaghan
Michael Foot
Preceded by John Silkin
Succeeded by Norman Buchan
Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
In office
4 May 1979 – 14 July 1979
Prime Minister James Callaghan
Preceded by Humphrey Atkins
Succeeded by Brynmor John
Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
In office
10 September 1976 – 4 May 1979
Prime Minister James Callaghan
Preceded by Merlyn Rees
Succeeded by Humphrey Atkins
Secretary of State for Defence
In office
4 March 1974 – 10 September 1976
Prime Minister Harold Wilson
James Callaghan
Preceded by Ian Gilmour
Succeeded by Fred Mulley
President of the Board of Trade
In office
6 October 1969 – 19 June 1970
Prime Minister Harold Wilson
Preceded by Anthony Crosland
Succeeded by Michael Noble
Minister of Power
In office
1 July 1968 – 6 October 1969
Prime Minister Harold Wilson
Preceded by Ray Gunter
Succeeded by Office Abolished
Postmaster General
In office
6 April 1968 – 1 July 1968
Prime Minister Harold Wilson
Preceded by Edward Short
Succeeded by John Stonehouse
Minister of Defence for Equipment
In office
7 January 1967 – 6 April 1968
Prime Minister Harold Wilson
Preceded by Office Created
Succeeded by John Morris
Minister of State for Trade
In office
20 October 1964 – 7 January 1967
Prime Minister Harold Wilson
Succeeded by Joseph Mallalieu
Member of Parliament
for Barnsley Central
Barnsley (1953–1983)
In office
31 March 1953 – 11 June 1987
Preceded by Sidney Schofield
Succeeded by Eric Illsley
Personal details
Born (1924-04-18)18 April 1924
Royston, United Kingdom
Died 19 April 2015(2015-04-19) (aged 91)
Political party Labour

Roy Mason, Baron Mason of Barnsley, PC, DL (18 April 1924 – 19 April 2015) was a British Labour politician and former Cabinet minister who was Secretary of State for Defence and Secretary of State for Northern Ireland in the late 1970s.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Posts 2
  • Northern Ireland 3
  • Later life 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Early life

He was born in Royston on 18 April 1924,[1] and grew up in Carlton, Barnsley, in South Yorkshire. Mason first went down the mines at the age of fourteen and he became a branch official of the National Union of Mineworkers in his early twenties. Aged 26 he studied at the London School of Economics as a mature student on a Trades Union Congress scholarship. [2] He remained in the coal industry until he was elected as Member of Parliament (MP) for the Barnsley constituency at a by-election in 1953.[3]

Posts

Mason was Labour Party spokesman on Home Affairs, Defence and Post Office, 1960-1964. Minister of State at the Board of Trade, 1964-1967. Minister of Defence (Equipment), 1967-1968. Minister of Power, 1968-1969. President of the Board of Trade, 1969-1970. Secretary of State for Defence, 1974-1976. Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, 1976–1979

Northern Ireland

A high-profile politician, Mason's appointment to Northern Ireland was unexpected and seemed to indicate a tougher response from the British Government than that pursued by his predecessor, Merlyn Rees. In late 1976, he told the Labour party conference that "Ulster had had enough of initiatives, White Papers and legislation for the time being, and now needed to be governed firmly and fairly". He rejected both military and political solutions in favour of "justice for all; with equality before the law; and, crucially, with republican terrorism treated as a security problem, and nothing else".[4]

While Secretary of State for Defence Mason had been responsible for the introduction of SAS units into the 'bandit country' of South Armagh. At Stormont Mason was responsible for the tougher role taken by the security forces and authorised an increase in British Army covert tactics with the SAS allowed to operate throughout Northern Ireland. Mason's time in Northern Ireland was characterised by a reduction in violence; "in 1976 there were 297 deaths in Northern Ireland; in the next three years the figures were 111, 80, 120.[5] In 1977 he stood up to militant loyalists attempt to repeat their successful Ulster Workers Council strike tactic of 1974. In the same year he twice attempted to get some movement towards a political settlement from the local political parties but both attempts failed.

Mason's policies in Northern Ireland earned the ire of Irish nationalist MPs.[6] This played a part in the March 1979 vote of no confidence, which the Labour government lost by one vote, precipitating the 1979 general election.[6] Nationalist MP Gerry Fitt abstained in the vote of no confidence, stating that he could not support a government with Mason as its Northern Ireland secretary.[6]

After Labour's election defeat in 1979 Mason came under increasing pressure from leftwingers in his constituency party under the influence of Arthur Scargill but did not countenance joining the Social Democratic Party. Mason received full police protection, over 30 years after leaving office. In 1982 the then Energy Secretary Nigel Lawson suggested to Margaret Thatcher that she should make Mason the next Coal Board chairman, but she refused, saying that Mason was "Not one of us". Instead, Ian MacGregor was appointed.[7]

Later life

After his retirement from the House of Commons at the 1987 general election, he was created a life peer on 20 October 1987 taking the title Baron Mason of Barnsley, of Barnsley in South Yorkshire.[8] Mason lived in the same semi-detached house with his wife Marjorie from their marriage until he was aged 84.

He died from a long illness aged 91 on 19 April 2015.[9][10] He was survived by his widow and two daughters.[3]

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ Obituary - 'Roy Mason a Man Forever Linked with Barnsley'Yorkshire Post Retrieved 20 April 2015
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b c
  7. ^ Nigel Lawson -The View from No.11: Memoirs of a Tory Radical
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 51099. p. 13091. 23 October 1987.
  9. ^
  10. ^ List of Deceased members of the House of Lords

External links

  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Roy Mason
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sidney Schofield
Member of Parliament for Barnsley
19531983
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Barnsley Central
19831987
Succeeded by
Eric Illsley
Political offices
Preceded by
Edward Short
Postmaster General
1968
Succeeded by
John Stonehouse
Preceded by
Ray Gunter
Minister of Power
1968–1969
Position abolished
Preceded by
Anthony Crosland
President of the Board of Trade
1969–1970
Succeeded by
Michael Noble
Preceded by
Ian Gilmour
Secretary of State for Defence
1974–1976
Succeeded by
Fred Mulley
Preceded by
Merlyn Rees
Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
1976–1979
Succeeded by
Humphrey Atkins
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.