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Royal Borough

 

Royal Borough

The following list of place names with royal patronage in the United Kingdom includes both those granted a royal title or status by express wish of a specific monarch, and those with prefixes or suffixes such as "King's" or "Regis" that relate to historic ownership of the area by the Crown.

England

Royal

The following places have been explicitly granted or confirmed the use of the title "royal" by royal charter, letters patent or similar instrument issued by the monarch. Since 1926 the entitlement to the title "royal borough" has been strictly enforced.[1] Devizes in Wiltshire, which had previously used the title without sanction, was forced to end the practice.[2]

Location Type Local government Charters Charter lapsed Notes
Berkshire Royal county Non-metropolitan county (no county council) 1957,[3] 1974[4][5] n/a Location of Windsor Castle
Greenwich Royal borough London borough council 2012 n/a Mark the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II[6] [7]
Kensington Royal borough Metropolitan borough council 1901[8] 1965 In memory of Queen Victoria, born at Kensington Palace[9]
Kensington and Chelsea Royal borough London borough council 1965[9] n/a Transferred from Kensington[9][10]
Kingston upon Thames Royal borough Municipal borough council Ancient prescriptive right, confirmed in 1927[1] 1965 Coronation place of King Æthelstan in 924/5 CE. Æthelstan described Kingston as royal town in a charter, as did Eadred later in the 10th century. In 1927 the mayor of Kingston upon Thames petitioned George V for the right to use the title of "royal borough". In reply to the petition the king declared that Kingston was entitled to the status, having been described as a royal borough since time immemorial.[1]
London borough council 1965 n/a Transferred from municipal borough
Leamington Spa "Royal" prefix Civil parish with town council 1838,[11] 1974,[12] 2002[12] n/a Spa town established in late 18th century. The town received the title of "Royal Leamington Spa" in 1838 following a visit by Queen Victoria.[11][13] Royal Leamington Spa was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1875, and on the borough's abolition in 1974 charter trustees were formed.[12] The charter trustees were themselves abolished when a town council was formed in 2002.[12]
Tunbridge Wells "Royal" prefix Unparished area 1909,[14] 1974[15] n/a Spa town, incorporated as a municipal borough in 1888. In 1909 Edward VII allowed the prefix "Royal" in recognition of the town's connections with the royal family since the Stuart dynasty.[14] The Borough of Royal Tunbridge Wells was abolished in April 1974, and charter trustees were briefly appointed to preserve the mayoralty of the town. The trustees, who were themselves abolished in December 1974, obtained letters patent reauthorising the prefix "Royal" to the name of the town.[15]
Windsor, also known as New Windsor Royal borough Municipal borough council From reign of Henry I in early 12th century[16] 1974 Location of Windsor Castle
Windsor and Maidenhead Royal borough Non-metropolitan district council 1974 n/a Transferred from Windsor
Wootton Bassett "Royal" prefix Civil parish with a town council 2011 n/a Repatriation of military personnel.[17]

Former

Regis

For a list of places suffixed Regis, see Regis (place).

Regis, Latin for "of the king", occurs in numerous placenames. This usually recalls the historical ownership of lands or manors by the Crown.[18] The "Regis" form was often used in the past as an alternative form to "King's", for instance at King's Bromley and King's Lynn.[19][20]

Examples include Houghton Regis in Bedfordshire, Salcombe Regis in Devon, Bere Regis, Melcombe Regis and Lyme Regis in Dorset, Milton Regis in Kent, Beeston Regis in Norfolk, Grafton Regis in Northamptonshire, Brompton Regis in Somerset, Newton Regis in Warwickshire and Rowley Regis in the West Midlands.

There is one modern example of the granting of the suffix "regis". In 1929 George V, having spent several months recuperating from a serious illness in the seaside resort of Bognor, West Sussex, allowed it to be renamed as "Bognor Regis".[21]

King's

Somerset

Queen's

Prince's

Scotland

Former royal burghs

Main article: Royal burgh

In Scotland a royal burgh was a burgh or incorporated town founded by, or subsequently granted, a royal charter. By 1707, when the Act of Union with England and Wales came into effect, there were 70 royal burghs.[22] None were created after 1707, and they were formally abolished in 1975. Notwithstanding their abolition, the term is still used in many of the former burghs.[23]

Wales

Royal

See also

References

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