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Title: Rufous  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Violet cuckoo, American kestrel, Russet sparrow, Shades of brown, Chestnut-eared bunting
Collection: Bird Colours, Shades of Brown, Shades of Red
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Rufous is a colour that may be described as reddish-brown or brownish-red, as of rust or oxidised iron.[1]

The first recorded use of rufous as a colour name in English was in 1782.[2] Its hex code is #A81C07. However, the colour is also recorded earlier in 1527 as a diagnostic urine colour.[3]

The name "rufous" is derived from the meaning of "red" in Latin and is used as an adjective in the names of many animals, especially birds, to describe the colour of their skin, fur or plumage.

Rufous #A81C07


  • Birds 1
  • Dinosaurs 2
  • Mammals 3
  • Invertebrates 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6





See also


  1. ^ 10,000 Birds: Color Me Rufous
  2. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 203; Color Sample of Rufous: Page 45 Plate 10 Color Sample A10
  3. ^ Anon., Here begineth the seinge of urynes London, 1527;British Museum
  • 3. Zhang, F., Kearns, S.L., Orr, P.J., Benton, M.J. Zhou, Z., Jonhson, D., Xu, X. & Wang, X. (2010) Fossilized melanosomes and the colour of Cretaceous dinosaurs and birds Nature advance online publication 27 January 2010 | doi:10.1038/nature08740
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