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Runas

In computing, runas is a command in the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems that allows a user to run specific tools and programs under a different username to the one that was used to logon to a computer interactively. It is similar to the Unix commands sudo and su, but the Unix commands generally require prior configuration by a the system administrator to work for a particular user and/or command.

Contents

  • Microsoft Windows 1
    • Syntax 1.1
      • Explanation of the parameters 1.1.1
    • Examples 1.2
  • Inferno 2
    • Syntax 2.1
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Microsoft Windows

The runas command was introduced with the Windows 2000 operating system. Any application can use this API to create a process with alternate credentials, for example, Windows Explorer in Windows 7 allows an application to be started under a different account if the shift key is held while right-clicking its icon. The program has the ability to cache verified credentials so that the user only ever has to enter them once.

Syntax

runas  [/env] [/netonly] [/smartcard] [/showtrustlevels] [/trustlevel:] [/savecred] /user: program

Explanation of the parameters

This section is paraphrased from the runas /? command.

  • /noprofile: Speeds up the loading of the application by skipping the loading of the user's profile. Note that this might not speed up every application.
  • /profile: Do not skip loading the user's profile. This is the default setting.
  • /env: Use the actual environment, not the user's.
  • /netonly: Specifies that the given credentials are to be used for Remote access only.
  • /savecred: Credentials saved by the previous user. This setting is not available on Windows 7 Home or Windows 7 Starter Edition. This setting is left out from Windows XP Home Edition as well.
  • /smartcard: Specifies that the credentials will be supplied from a smartcard.
  • /user: Format is either USER@DOMAIN or DOMAIN\USER.
  • /showtrustlevels: Shows help (list of usable trust level parameters) for the /trustlevel switch.
  • /trustlevel: One of the trust levels listed by the /showtrustlevels switch.
  • program: Command line for the executable file. See examples below.

Note: Only type in the user's password, when the system asks for it.

Note: The /profile switch is not compatible with the /netonly switch.

Note: The /savecred and the /smartcard switches may not be used together.

Examples

runas /noprofile /user:machine\administrator cmd
runas /profile /env /user:domain\admin "mmc %windir%\system32\dsa.msc"
runas /user:user@domain.example.org "notepad C:\filename.txt"
runas /user:administrator /savecred "shutdown /i"

Inferno

The command is also included in the Inferno operating system.

Syntax

runas writes the user to /dev/user and invokes cmd with the given arguments.

runas user cmd [arg...]

Note: The command is only invoked if setting of the user name succeeds.

See also

References

External links

  • Microsoft TechNet Runas article
  • Sysinternals ShellRunas
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