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Title: Al-Rustaq  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Abdul Rahman Al-Ghassani, Faiz Al-Rushaidi, Omani general election, 1991, Omani general election, 1994, List of rulers of Oman
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Wilayat and town
Rustaq Fort
Rustaq Fort
Rustaq is located in Oman
Location in Oman
Country  Oman
Region Al Batinah Region

Rustaq (Arabic: الرستاق‎) is a town and wilayah (district) in the Al Batinah Region of northern Oman. The city is located at .

The wilayah of Rustaq is in the Western Hajar, in the south of the Batinah. Rustaq was once the capital of Oman, during the era of Imam Nasir bin Murshid al Ya'arubi. Rustaq fort, built four centuries prior to the dawn of Islam in Oman, is an imposing structure built on three levels, containing separate houses, an armoury, a mosque and four towers. The tallest tower stands over 18.5m high and has a diameter of 6m.

The Hazm Fort is an outstanding example of Omani Islamic architecture and was built in 1711 AD. The fort's roof is built on columns, and contains no wooden supports. Its walls can withstand great impact, at no less than 3m thick at any point.

Rustaq is an area of healing warm springs, the most notable being Ain al Kasafa. Its waters runs at 45 °C and are regarded as a cure for rheumatism and skin diseases due to its sulphur content.

There are three popular wadis to visit: Wadi Bani Ghafar; Wadi al Sahtan and Wadi Bani Auf. In addition, the mountains are pitted with caves such as Al Sanaqha Cave with its own subterranean springs. One of the main occupations in Rustaq is beekeeping. Pure Omani honey is a most sought-after commodity and is of the highest quality. Fruits such as pomegranates, apricots, plums and grapes are grown on the foothills of the Akhdar Mountains and brought to Rustaq for sale.


The name of this town is a derived from the Middle Iranian rustag, (Baluchi, Persian, Kumzari, etc.), New Iranian rusta, meaning a 'large village.' The term is a cognate to other Indo-European tongues such as Latin, where 'rustica', means the same thing (whence the source for the English term, 'rustic').



Industries prospered over the years due to the elementary needs of people Al Rustaq and some other states and regions in Sultanate of Oman. The most prominent industries produced textiles, agriculture, daggers, swords, guns, blacksmithing, carpentry and others.

Omay Halwa is also produced in Rustaq. People came from many places in the time of Eid and other occasions to buy Halwa. Rustaqi Khanjar production has also been done in Rustaq for a very long time. Old men spend hours and hours making Omani codes. Rustaq people have long been known for their care of palm trees and their dates. They have made use of the branches and leaves to build shelter and make baskets. Leather tanning is also one of the industries in Rustaq. People use leather to save water and food, and for making shoes.

Traditional crafts

Beekeeping: Rustaq people like beekeeping and many of them own more than 1000 cells.

Tabseel: it means boiling dates of a specific type "Mabseli" in a particular session.

Sheep grazing: many people graze animals especially those who live in Wadies and far away from the down town.

Renewal of guns: Some artisans work in renewal and amendments to the traditional rifles. They upgrade them and add more modifications to improve their functionality.

Traditional arts

Mashia: it is an introduction to Razhaa. Razhaa: art for the men, which started competing in raising the swords. Razfa: known locally as Hebiah Azi: comes in the form of song. Al Tareq: This is usually art at the Bedouin living in the north of the state. Alhmpel: This is usually when the Bedouin art and residents east of the state said when moving from one place to another via camels.

Agricultural products

The state is famous for the cultivation of different types of palm including: Khalas, Zabad and Hilali and Almabsli Obo Soih and Almeznaj and Subaa Al Aroos and Jabri. It is also known for the cultivation of citrus and quince, lemon, Albalnj Alchkak and Nadan, as well as Almstafl and

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