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Saint-Josse

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Saint-Josse

Saint-Josse
Saint-Josse
Saint-Josse

Coordinates: 50°28′07″N 1°39′56″E / 50.4686°N 1.6656°E / 50.4686; 1.6656Coordinates: 50°28′07″N 1°39′56″E / 50.4686°N 1.6656°E / 50.4686; 1.6656

Country France
Region Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Department Pas-de-Calais
Arrondissement Montreuil
Canton Montreuil
Intercommunality Mer et Terres d'Opale
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Juliette Flament
Area
 • Land1 21.1 km2 (8.1 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Population2 1,203
 • Population2 density 57/km2 (150/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 62752 / 62170
Elevation 2–64 m (6.6–210.0 ft)
(avg. 8 m or 26 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Saint-Josse, or Saint-Josse-sur-Mer, is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France.

Geography

Saint-Josse is located 4 miles (6 km) west of Montreuil-sur-Mer on the D144 road. Before the 8th century, the sea came right up to the village, but it is nowadays 4 miles (6 km) to the west.

Population

Population history
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006
622 559 575 671 914 1052 1203
Census count starting from 1962: Population without duplicates

History

In a place called Sidraga or Schaderias, Josse, a 7th-century Breton prince, the son of King Juthaêl, arrived in northern France and sought the protection of Haymon, Count of Ponthieu, to live as a hermit and renounce the crown of Brittany. A small monastery was built in the 8th century at the place where Josse died. In 903, some monks, fleeing the Norman invasion took refuge in England. On their return, the abbey became a centre of pilgrimage, especially popular with the Germans in the 14th and 15th centuries.
The abbey was closed in 1772, sold and then destroyed in 1789, leaving no traces of the monumental building.

In the village church is the shrine of Saint Josse, containing relics. In this shrine, opened in 1922, was a piece of 10th century Oriental fabric, which was sent to the Louvre museum, referenced under ‘the shroud of Saint Josse’.

Saint-Josse-on-Sea is still a famous place of pilgrimage. A procession takes place on the Tuesday following Whitsun. The reliquary containing the relics of the saint is carried to the calvary at the top of Bavémont hill at Airon-Saint-Vaast.

Places of interest

  • The church of St. Peter, dating from the sixteenth century
  • Two chateaux

See also

Communes of the Pas-de-Calais department

References

  • INSEE commune file

External links

  • Saint-Josse on the Quid website (French)
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