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Saint Martin crater

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Title: Saint Martin crater  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Red Wing crater, Manicouagan crater, Rochechouart crater, List of impact craters in North America, Kamensk crater
Collection: Impact Craters of Manitoba, Triassic Impact Craters
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Saint Martin crater

Saint Martin is an impact crater in Manitoba, Canada.[1] It is located in the northern part of the Rural Municipality of Grahamdale, northwest of Lake St. Martin.

It is 40 km (25 mi) in diameter and its age was determined to be 227.8 ± 1.1 million years[2] (Carnian stage of the Triassic) using the argon-argon dating technique. The crater is well preserved but poorly exposed at the surface as the whole region is covered by glacial drift.

Hypothetical multiple impact event

It had previously been suggested by Geophysicist David Rowley of the University of Chicago, working with John Spray of the University of New Brunswick and Simon Kelley of the Open University, that the Saint Martin crater may have been part of a hypothetical multiple impact event which also formed the Manicouagan crater in northern Quebec, Rochechouart crater in France, Obolon' crater in Ukraine, and Red Wing crater in North Dakota.[3] All of the craters had previously been known and studied, but their paleoalignment had never before been demonstrated. Rowley has said that the chance that these craters could be aligned like this due to chance are nearly zero.[4] However, refined ages for the mentioned impact craters that differ by several million years contradict the multiple impact hypothesis.

Notes

  1. ^ "Saint Martin".  
  2. ^ Schmieder M., Jourdan F., Tohver, E. and Cloutis, E. A. 2014. 40Ar/39Ar age of the Lake Saint Martin impact structure (Canada) - Unchaining the Late Triassic terrestrial impact craters. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. (in press)
  3. ^ Spray, J.G., Kelley, S.P. and Rowley, D.B. (1998). "Evidence for a late Triassic multiple impact event on Earth". Nature, v. 392, pp. 171-173. Abstract
  4. ^ Steele, Diana (19 March 1998). "Crater chain points to impact of fragmented comet". University of Chicago Chronicle. 

External links

  • Earth Impact Database
  • http://www.canada.com/topics/technology/story.html?id=91dac574-d77d-4e4e-a670-46605b6c0380&k=26653
  • http://www.manitoba.ca/iem/mrd/info/libmin/geos_vol13_no3.pdf
  • Aerial exploration of the St. Martin structure.

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