World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0004010136
Reproduction Date:

Title: Salmas  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Central District (Salmas County), Simko Shikak, Tazeh Shahr, Simko Shikak revolt (1918–22), List of cities, towns and villages in West Azerbaijan Province
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Tomb of Salmas
Tomb of Salmas
Salmas is located in Iran
Country  Iran
Province West Azerbaijan
County Salmas
Bakhsh Central
Population (2006)
 • Total 79,560
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Salmas (Persian: سلماس‎; also Romanized as Salmās and Salamas; formerly, Dīlmagān, Dīlman, Shahpoor, Shāhpūr, and Shapur)[1] is a city in and the capital of Salmas County, West Azerbaijan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 79,560, in 19,806 families.[2]

The city is of Azeri origin, according to the Arabic geographer Mukadassi who visited Salmas in the 10th century[3] The population is a mixture of Azeri, Assyrians, Armenians, Kurds and Persians.


Early mention of Salmas was made in 1281, when its Assyrian bishop made the trip to the consecration of the Assyrian Church of the East patriarch Yaballaha in Baghdad.[4]

In the Battle of Salmas, 17–18 September 1429, the Kara Koyunlu were defeated by Shah Rukh who was consolidating Timurid holdings west of Lake Urmia.[5] However, the area was retaken by the Kara Koyunlu in 1447 after the death of Shah Rukh.

In Salmas in March 1918 the Patriarch of the Assyrian Church of the East, Mar Shimun, was murdered by the Kurdish chieftain Simko Shikak,[6][7][8] grandson of the Shakkak chieftain 'Ismail Agha' (d. 1816).[4]

Part of the Assyrian Genocide took place in Salmas and the surrounding region at the hands of the Ottoman Army and loyal Kurdish irregulars. This followed initially successful Assyrian military campaigns against the Ottomans and their Kurdish and Azeri allies.

See also


  1. ^ Salmas can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3082081" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel).  
  3. ^ The lands of the eastern caliphate: Mesopotamia, Persia, and Central Asia, by Guy Le Strange
  4. ^ a b Houtsma, M. Th. et al. (1993 reprint) "Salmas" E. J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913–1936 Volume 4, E.J. Brill, New York, page 118, ISBN 90-04-09796-1
  5. ^ Houtsma, M. Th. et al. (1993 reprint) "Tabrīz" E. J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913–1936 Volume 4, E.J. Brill, New York, page 588, ISBN 90-04-09796-1
  6. ^ Houtsma, M. Th. et al. (1993 reprint) "Shakāk" E. J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913–1936 Volume 4, E.J. Brill, New York, page 290, ISBN 90-04-09796-1
  7. ^ O'Shea, Maria T. (2004) "Trapped Between the Map and Reality: Geography and Perceptions of Kurdistan Routledge, New York, page 100, ISBN 0-415-94766-9
  8. ^ Nisan, Mordechai (2002) Minorities in the Middle East: A History of Struggle and Self-Expression (2nd edition) McFarland, Jefferson, North Carolina, page 187, ISBN 0-7864-1375-1

External links

  • Salmas ancient location
  • Salmas famous people
  • Salmas, By C.E. Bosworth, Encyclopaedia of Islam.
  • "Salmas Map – Satellite Images of Salmas", Maplandia
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.