World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Salutius

Article Id: WHEBN0022574204
Reproduction Date:

Title: Salutius  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Clearchus (consul 384), Victor (consul 369), Flavius Arinthaeus, Jovian (emperor), Late Antiquity
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Salutius

Saturninius Secundus Salutius was a career Roman official who was a native of Gaul. He was a quaestor when he became a member of Julian's staff, while the latter was Caesar in Gaul. Salutius was well versed in Greek philosophy and rhetoric and won the respect of Julian. It was probably through his counsel that Julian developed the skills of administration he displayed in Gaul. In 359 Constantius removed him from Gaul.[1][2]

When Julian became sole emperor, he raised Salutius to praetorian prefect of the Orient late in 361. One of Salutius' early tasks was to oversee the Chalcedon tribunal.[3] He has sometimes been identified with "Sallustius the Philosopher", author of the pagan theological pamphlet On the Gods and the World.[4]

Salutius accompanied his emperor on the Persian campaign, during which Julian was killed. As a sign of their great respect for him, the military command first nominated him to become their emperor, but Salutius refused the honor, pleading illness and old age, and the purple then fell to Jovian.[5][6] After the return from Persia, Salutius continued in the office of praetorian prefect during the reign of Valentinian until he was replaced by Nebridius.[7]

References

  1. ^ Athanassiadi, pp. 68-9.
  2. ^ Bowersock, pp. 44-5.
  3. ^ Ammianus Marcellinus, Res Gestae, 22.3.1.
  4. ^ Mario Meunier. "Prolégomènes", in Salluste le Philosophe, Des Dieux et du Monde, p. 5. (French)
  5. ^ Bowersock, p. 118.
  6. ^ Ammianus Marcellinus, Res Gestae, 25.5.3.
  7. ^ Ammianus Marcellinus, Res Gestae, 26.7.4.

Sources

  • Athanassiadi, Polymnia, Julian: An Intellectual Biography, Routledge, London, 1992. ISBN 0-415-07763-X
  • Bowersock, Glen Warren, Julian the Apostate, London, 1978. ISBN 0-674-48881-4
  • Rolfe, John C., translator, Ammianus Marcellinus, HUP, Cambridge Mass., 1956.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.