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Sam Carr

Sam Carr (July 7, 1906–1989) was an organizer for the Young Communist League with Fred Rose.[1]

In 1931, Carr was arrested with other Communist Party leaders and detained in On to Ottawa Trek.[2]

He was the editor of the Communist Party's newspaper, The Clarion, before fleeing to the

  1. ^ a b c d e Sam Carr Biography
  2. ^ a b What made Sam run?, Time Magazine, February 7, 1949


Upon his release from prison Carr was no longer a member of the party but became active in the left wing progressive organization, the United Jewish Peoples' Order (UJPO), until his death in 1989. He wrote for the UJPO magazine under the pen name George Lewis.

In 1946, after a cypher clerk in the Soviet embassy in Ottawa, Igor Gouzenko, defected to Canada, a warrant was issued for Carr's arrest and he again fled to the United States. A Royal Commission on Espionage was called to investigate his activities. In 1949 he was found guilty of conspiracy to obtain a false passport, and was imprisoned for seven years after which he moved to Poland.[1] Carr was one of the principal recruiters of spies for the USSR in Canada.[1]


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