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Sanguszko

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Subject: Fee tail, Arabian horse, List of szlachta, Helena Modjeska, Pogoń Litewska, Algirdas, Gediminids, Polonization, Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, Maria Klementyna Sanguszko
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Sanguszko

Sanguszko
Ethnicity Poles, Ruthenians
Current region Poland, Ukraine
Place of origin Volhynia
Connected families Czartoryski






Sanguszko (Belarusian: Сангушка, Ukrainian: Сангушко) is a Polish-Lithuanian noble family of the Ruthenian (now Ukrainian) stock from the Gediminid dynasty. Like other princely houses of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, its origin are considered murky. Present historical opinion holds in favour of their descent from Algirdas' grandson Alexander Feodorovich (fl. 1433-1443), lord of Kovel and Liuboml, whose name can be shortened to Sangush. The family supposedly descends from two lines, associated with two of his sons, Alexander and Michael.

The senior line, called the Sanguszko-Koszyrski, has been extinct since the death of Adam Aleksander Sanguszko in 1653. The junior line, or the Sanguszko-Kowelski, of Szymon Samuel Sanguszko, subsequently assumed the title Sanguszko-Lubartowicz, according to the erroneous assumption of their descent from Algirdas' younger brother Lubart.

Prince Paweł Karol Sanguszko-Lubartowicz (1682–1752), a Court and Grand Marshal of Lithuania, greatly expanded his holdings through his second marriage with Marianna Lubomirska, heiress of Ostroh. His chief residence at Slavuta (now in Ukraine) was embellished with a famous collection of Persian carpets, known as Sanguszko carpets. Hieronymous Sanguszko (1743–1812) founded the Slavuta stud, establishing the family as breeders of Arabian horses.

After partitions of Poland, Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko fought in the Kościuszko Uprising and Napoleon's Russian campaign. His son, Prince Roman Sanguszko, was a Polish officer who participated in the November Uprising, and was exiled to Siberia. His life is the subject of "Prince Roman" (1910) one of Joseph Conrad's short stories. With the incorporation of Galicia into Ukraine, the Sanguszkos lost their Gumniska and Slavuta estates, as well as a palace in Lviv, and emigrated to Brazil.

By the later 20th century, the family was represented by a single person, Prince Paul (born 1973), who resides in São Paulo. His mother came of the Polignac lineage.

Lineages

  • "koszyrsko-niesuchoiżska" (Kamień Koszyrski-Niesuchojeże line) - splited into two primary lineages:
    • "gałąź koszyrska" - "Sanguszkowie-Koszyrscy" (Kamień Koszyrski branch) - the branch died out in 1653
    • "gałąź niesuchoiżska" - "Sanguszkowie-Niesuchoiżscy" (Niesuchojeże branch) - the branch died out in 1591
  • "linia kowelska" - "Sanguszkowie-Kowelscy" (Kowel line) - existing until today

Notable members

Generation 0

  • Alexander Feodorovich (died c. 1454), progenitor of the Sanguszko family

Generation 1

  • Aleksander Sanguszkowic (died c. 1491), progenitor of the Sanguszko Kamień Koszyrski-Niesuchojeże line
  • Michał Sanguszkowic (died c. 1511), progenitor of the Sanguszko Kowel line

Generation 2

  • Michał (died c. 1501)
  • Andrzej Aleksandrowicz Sanguszko (died c. 1534/5), starost of Włodzimierz
  • Wasyl Sanguszko (died c. 1557), courtier

Generation 3

Generation 4

Generation 5

Generation 6

  • Hrehory Sanguszko (died 1602), castelan of Lubaczow and Bracław
  • Hieronim Władysław Sanguszko (1611-1657), bishop of Smoleńsk
  • Jan Władysław Sanguszko (died 1652)

Generation 7

  • Adam Aleksander Sanguszko (c. 1590-1653), voivode of Wołyń, the last member of the Sanguszko Kamień Koszyrski branch
  • Hieronim (1651-1684)

Generation 8

  • Kazimierz Antoni Sanguszko (1677-1706), Court Marshal of Lithuania
  • Anna Katarzyna Radziwiłłowa (1676-1746)
  • Paweł Karol Sanguszko (1680-1750), Court Marshal of Lithuania, Grand Marshal of Lithuania
  • Barbara Urszula Sanguszkowa (1718-1791), poet, translator, philanthropist, wife of Paweł Karol

Generation 9

  • Janusz Aleksander Sanguszko (1712-1775), miecznik, Court Marshal of Lithuania
  • Józef Paulin Sanguszko (1740-1781), Grand Marshal of Lithuania
  • Hieronim Janusz Sanguszko (1743-1812), general, voivode of Wołyń
  • Janusz Modest Sanguszko (1749-1806), starost of Krzemieniec

Generation 10

  • Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko (1768-1844), general, deputy, horse breeder
  • Klementyna Maria Sanguszkowa (1780-1852), philanthropist

Generation 11

Generation 12

Generation 13

  • Roman Władysław Sanguszko (1901-1984), landlord, horse breeder, industrialist, philanthropist

Generation 14

  • Piotr Antoni Samuel Sanguszko (1937-1989)

Generation 15

  • Paweł Franciszek Roman Sanguszko (born 1973), the last living member of the Sanguszko family

Palaces

External links

  • (Polish) Tarnów museum
  • Sanguszko stallions
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