World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Secretary of State for Wales

Secretary of State for Wales
Royal Badge of Wales (Red Dragon version)
Incumbent
Stephen Crabb

since 15 July 2014
Wales Office
Style The Right Honourable
Appointer Elizabeth II
Formation 18 October 1964
Website Official website
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the United Kingdom
United Kingdom portal

Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Wales (Welsh: Ysgrifennydd Gwladol Cymru) is the principal minister of Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom with responsibilities for Wales. They are a member of the cabinet and the head of the Wales Office. They are responsible for ensuring Welsh interests are taken into account by Her Majesty's Government, representing the government within Wales and overseeing the passing of legislation which is only for Wales. The current Secretary of State for Wales is Stephen Crabb.

Contents

  • Creation 1
  • History 2
  • Ministers and Secretaries of State 3
    • Ministers of Welsh Affairs (1951–1964) 3.1
    • Secretaries of State for Wales (1964–present) 3.2
    • Notes 3.3
  • References 4
  • See also 5
  • External links 6

Creation

In the first half of the 20th century, a number of politicians had supported the creation of the post of Secretary of State for Wales as a step towards Home Rule for Wales. A post of Minister of Welsh Affairs was created in 1951 under the Home Secretary and was upgraded to Minister of State level in 1954.

The Labour Party proposed the creation of a Welsh Office run by a Secretary of State for Wales in their manifesto for the 1959 general election and once they came to power in 1964 this could be put into effect.

The post of Secretary of State for Wales came into existence on 17 October 1964, the first incumbent being Jim Griffiths, MP for Llanelli. The position entailed responsibility for Wales and expenditure on certain public services was delegated from Westminster. In April 1965 administration of Welsh affairs, which had previously been divided between a number of government departments were united in a newly created Welsh Office with the Secretary of State for Wales at its head. As a result, the Welsh Secretary came to have responsibility for education and training, health, trade and industry, environment, transport and agriculture within Wales.

History

During the 1980s and 1990s, as the number of Conservative MPs for Welsh constituencies dwindled almost to nothing, the office fell into disrepute. Nicholas Edwards, MP for Pembrokeshire, held the post for some years, but was constantly mocked for his upper-class appearance and accent. On his departure, the government ceased to look within Wales for the Secretary of State, and the post was increasingly used as a way of getting junior high-fliers into the Cabinet. John Redwood in particular caused embarrassment to the government when he publicly demonstrated an inability to sing (or even successfully mime) "Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau", the Welsh national anthem.

The introduction of the National Assembly for Wales and the Welsh Government following the devolution referendum of 1997 was the beginning of a new era. On 1 July 1999 the majority of the functions of the Welsh Office transferred to the new assembly. The Welsh Office was disbanded but the post of Secretary of State for Wales was retained, as the head of the newly created Wales Office.

Since 1999 there have been calls for the office of Welsh Secretary to be scrapped or merged with the posts of Secretary of State for Scotland and Secretary of State for Northern Ireland due to the lesser powers of the role since devolution.[1][2]

Ministers and Secretaries of State

Colour key
      Conservative       National Liberal       Labour

Ministers of Welsh Affairs (1951–1964)

Name Term of office Political party Nation
of Birth
Welsh
constituency
Prime Minister
Sir David Maxwell Fyfe
(also Home Secretary)
28 October 1951 18 October 1954 Conservative Scotland No Sir Winston Churchill
Gwilym Lloyd George
(also Home Secretary)
18 October 1954 13 January 1957 Liberal & Conservative Wales No[1]
Sir Anthony Eden
Henry Brooke
(also Min. of Housing & Local Govt.)
13 January 1957 9 October 1961 Conservative England No Harold Macmillan
Charles Hill
(also Min. of Housing & Local Govt.)
9 October 1961 13 July 1962 National Liberal & Conservative England No
Sir Keith Joseph
(also Min. of Housing & Local Govt.)
13 July 1962 16 October 1964 Conservative England No
Sir Alec Douglas-Home

Secretaries of State for Wales (1964–present)

Name Term of office Political party Nation
of Birth
Welsh
constituency
Prime Minister
Jim Griffiths 18 October 1964 5 April 1966 Labour Wales Llanelli Harold Wilson
Cledwyn Hughes 5 April 1966 5 April 1968 Labour Wales Anglesey
George Thomas 5 April 1968 20 June 1970 Labour Wales Cardiff West
Peter Thomas 20 June 1970 5 March 1974 Conservative Wales No[2] Edward Heath
John Morris 5 March 1974 5 May 1979 Labour Wales Aberavon Harold Wilson
James Callaghan
Nicholas Edwards 5 May 1979 13 June 1987 Conservative England Pembrokeshire Margaret Thatcher
Peter Walker 13 June 1987 4 May 1990 Conservative England No
David Hunt 4 May 1990 27 May 1993 Conservative Wales No John Major
John Redwood 27 May 1993 26 June 1995[3] Conservative England No
David Hunt
(acting[3])
26 June 1995 5 July 1995 Conservative Wales No
William Hague 5 July 1995 3 May 1997 Conservative England No
Ron Davies 3 May 1997 27 October 1998[4] Labour Wales Caerphilly Tony Blair
Alun Michael 27 October 1998 28 July 1999[5] Labour Wales Cardiff South and Penarth
Paul Murphy 28 July 1999 24 October 2002 Labour Wales Torfaen
Peter Hain
(also Ldr. of the Commons 2003–05
Northern Ireland Sec. 2005–07
Work & Pensions Sec. 2007–08)
24 October 2002 24 January 2008 Labour Kenya Neath
Gordon Brown
Paul Murphy 24 January 2008 5 June 2009 Labour Wales Torfaen
Peter Hain 5 June 2009 11 May 2010 Labour Kenya Neath
Cheryl Gillan 11 May 2010 4 September 2012 Conservative Wales No David Cameron
(Coalition)
David Jones 4 September 2012 14 July 2014 Conservative England Clwyd West
Stephen Crabb 15 July 2014 Incumbent Conservative Scotland Preseli Pembrokeshire
David Cameron
(I · II)

Notes

1 Formerly MP for Pembrokeshire, but represented an English constituency while in office.

2 Formerly MP for Conway, but represented an English constituency while in office.

3 Redwood resigned to stand in the 1995 Conservative leadership election. During the election, Hunt acted as Secretary of State.

4 Resigned following a "moment of madness" on Clapham Common.

5 Following Government of Wales Act 1998, held office as inaugural First Secretary for Wales from 12 May 1999.

References

  1. ^ "WALES | 'Scrap Welsh secretary' demand". BBC News. 19 March 2001. Retrieved 7 June 2010. 
  2. ^ "UK | Wales | Wales Office in melting pot". BBC News. 12 June 2003. Retrieved 7 June 2010. 

See also

External links

  • Current duties of the Secretary of State for Wales
  • Labour Party in Wales – covers the history of the post
  • Hain promoted in Brown's cabinet, BBC News Online, 28 June 2007
  • Hain takes work and pensions job, BBC News Online, 28 June 2007
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.