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Selenga River

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Title: Selenga River  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Xueyantuo, Ulan-Ude, Lake Baikal, Trans-Mongolian Railway, Chikoy River
Collection: International Rivers of Asia, Khövsgöl Province, Rivers of Mongolia, Rivers of the Republic of Buryatia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Selenga River

Selenga River (Селенга
Selenga River in Russia
Primary source Delgermörön River
Secondary source Ider River
Source confluence Olon golyn bilchir
 - location Khövsgöl, Mongolia
 - coordinates
Mouth Lake Baikal
Length 992 km (616 mi)
Basin 447,000 km2 (172,588 sq mi)
Discharge for Ust-Kyakhta
 - average 284 m3/s (10,029 cu ft/s)
 - max 601 m3/s (21,224 cu ft/s) August
 - min 23 m3/s (812 cu ft/s) February

The Selenga River (Selenge River, Mongolian: Сэлэнгэ мөрөн, Selenge mörön; Buryat: Сэлэнгэ гол, Selenge gol, Сэлэнгэ мүрэн, Selenge müren; Russian: Селенга́) is a major river in Mongolia and Buryatia, Russia. Its source rivers are the Ider River and the Delgermörön river. It flows into Lake Baikal and has a length of 992 kilometres (616 mi)[1][2] or 1,024 kilometres (636 mi), according to other sources.[3] The Selenga River is the headwaters of the Yenisei-Angara River system. Carrying 935 cubic metres per second (33,000 cu ft/s) of water into Lake Baikal, it comprises almost half of the riverine inflow and forms a wide delta of 680 square kilometres (260 sq mi), when it reaches the lake.

The name derives from Evenki sele 'iron' + -nga (suffix).[4] Selenge Province in northern Mongolia is derived from the name of this river. The Mongolian verb "seleh" means to swim.

Railway bridge over the Selenga River outside of Ulan Ude, Russia.

See also


  1. ^ H. Barthel, Mongolei-Land zwischen Taiga und Wüste, Gotha 1990, p.34f
  2. ^ "Сэлэнгэ мөрөн". Retrieved July 16, 2007. 
  3. ^ "Селенга".  
  4. ^ E.M. Pospelov, Географические названия Мира (Geograficheskie nazvaniya mira, Moscow: Russkie slovari, 1998), p. 378.
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