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Selwyn Lloyd

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Selwyn Lloyd

The Right Honourable
The Lord Selwyn-Lloyd
CH CBE TD PC
Speaker of the House of Commons
In office
12 January 1971 – 3 February 1976
Monarch Elizabeth II
Preceded by Horace King
Succeeded by George Thomas
Shadow Leader of the House of Commons
In office
16 October 1964 – 4 August 1965
Leader Sir Alec Douglas-Home
Preceded by Herbert Bowden
Succeeded by Fred Peart
Lord Privy Seal
Leader of the House of Commons
In office
18 October 1963 – 16 October 1964
Monarch Elizabeth II
Prime Minister Sir Alec Douglas-Home
Preceded by Iain Macleod
Succeeded by Herbert Bowden
Chancellor of the Exchequer
In office
27 July 1960 – 13 July 1962
Monarch Elizabeth II
Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
Preceded by Derick Heathcoat Amory
Succeeded by Reginald Maudling
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
In office
22[1] December 1955 – 27 July 1960
Monarch Elizabeth II
Prime Minister Anthony Eden
Harold Macmillan
Preceded by Harold Macmillan
Succeeded by The Earl of Home
Minister of Defence
In office
7 April 1955 – 20 December 1955
Monarch Elizabeth II
Prime Minister Anthony Eden
Preceded by Harold Macmillan
Succeeded by Sir Walter Monckton
Minister of Supply
In office
18 October 1954 – 7 April 1955
Monarch Elizabeth II
Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill
Preceded by Duncan Sandys
Succeeded by Reginald Maudling
Member of Parliament
for Wirral
In office
5 July 1945 – 11 March 1976
Preceded by Alan Crosland Graham
Succeeded by David Hunt
Personal details
Born (1904-07-28)28 July 1904
West Kirby, Wirral, Cheshire, England
Died 18 May 1978(1978-05-18) (aged 73)
Oxfordshire
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Alma mater Fettes College
Magdalene College, Cambridge
Religion Methodist

John Selwyn Brooke Lloyd, Baron Selwyn-Lloyd, CH, CBE, TD, PC (28 July 1904 – 18 May 1978), known for most of his career as Selwyn Lloyd, was a British Conservative Party politician who served as Foreign Secretary from 1955 to 1960, then as Chancellor of the Exchequer until 1962. He was elected Speaker of the House of Commons in 1971, serving until his retirement in 1976.

Contents

  • Background 1
  • Early career 2
    • World War II service 2.1
    • Election to Parliament 2.2
  • Ministerial offices 3
    • Minister of State for Foreign Affairs 3.1
    • Minister of Supply and Minister of Defence 3.2
    • Foreign Secretary 3.3
    • Chancellor of the Exchequer 3.4
    • Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Commons 3.5
  • Speaker of the House of Commons 4
  • Peerage 5
  • Personal life 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Background

Lloyd was born in West Kirby, now in Merseyside, but then in the county of Cheshire, the son of John Wesley Lloyd, a dental surgeon, and his wife, Mary Rachel Warhurst.[2] He was educated at Fettes College and Magdalene College, Cambridge, where he was President of the Cambridge Union and the Cambridge University Liberal Club.[3]

Early career

He was a Liberal Parliamentary candidate at Macclesfield in the 1929 general election, coming third. After this he concentrated on a legal career having been admitted to Gray's Inn in 1926. He was called to the bar in 1930.[4]

He served as a councillor on Hoylake Urban District Council 1932–40.

World War II service

During the Second World War he reached the rank of brigadier and was Deputy Chief of Staff of the British Second Army. He was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 1943[5] and promoted to Commander (CBE) in 1945.[6]

Election to Parliament

He was elected to the House of Commons to represent Wirral in the 1945 general election. Originally a Liberal, he became a member of the "Young Turks" faction of the Conservative Party.

Ministerial offices

Minister of State for Foreign Affairs

When the Conservatives returned to power under Churchill in 1951, Lloyd served under Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden as Minister of State for Foreign Affairs from 1951 to 1954. The following exchange is said to have taken place at his appointment: 'But, sir, there must be some mistake. I do not speak any foreign language. Except in war, I have never visited any foreign country. I do not like foreigners. I have never spoken in any foreign-affairs debate in the House. I have never listened to one.'

'Young man, these all seem to me to be positive advantages,' growled Churchill in return.[7]

Minister of Supply and Minister of Defence

He then served as Minister of Supply (1954–1955). He was subsequently Minister of Defence (1955).

Foreign Secretary

He became Foreign Secretary in 1955. His tenure saw the Suez Crisis, which led to the fall of the Eden government. While Foreign Secretary he was noted for not being on particularly good terms with his American counterpart, Secretary of State John Foster Dulles. He continued to serve as Foreign Secretary under Harold Macmillan until 1960.

Chancellor of the Exchequer

In 1960 he became Chancellor of the Exchequer.

Unable to cope with Britain's economic problems in the early 1960s, and a focus of public unpopularity for the "Pay Pause" of the time, he was sacked from the government during the "Night of the Long Knives" reshuffle, and returned to the backbenches in 1962. He was replaced by Reginald Maudling, then seen as a potential future leader of the Conservative Party, and whose remit was to reflate the economy going into the next General Election due by the end of 1964.

On 20 July 1962 he was appointed a Companion of Honour[8]

Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Commons

He was called back to the government in 1963 by Alec Douglas-Home, who made him Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Commons until the Conservative defeat in the general election of 1964.

Speaker of the House of Commons

In 1971, after the Conservatives had returned to power, Lloyd became Speaker. In a break with convention, both the Labour and Liberal Parties contested his seat in both the February 1974 and October 1974 general elections, but he retained it and continued to hold the position of speaker until 1976.

Peerage

On 8 March 1976 he was created a Life Peer as Baron Selwyn-Lloyd, of Wirral in the County of Merseyside.[9]

Personal life

He was married in the Wirral in March 1951 to Elizabeth Marshall, known as Bae, his secretary and the daughter of Roland Marshall of West Kirby.[10] A solicitor by profession, she was born in 1928, making her 23 years his junior.[4] They had a daughter, Joanna, and divorced in 1957.[11][12]

References

  1. ^ S. Lloyd, 'Suez 1956: A Personal Account', p. 33
  2. ^ Birth registered in the Wirral Registration District in the third quarter of 1904.
  3. ^ Website of the Keynes Society for Cambridge Student Liberal Democrats, accessed 12 June 2012
  4. ^ a b , Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2011, accessed 13 July 2012Lloyd, (John) Selwyn Brooke, Baron Selwyn-Lloyd (1904–1978)D R Thorpe:
  5. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 36033. p. 2426. 2 June 1943.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 36917. p. 670. 1 February 1945.
  7. ^ Never Had It So Good: A History of Britain from Suez to the Beatles by Dominic Sandbrook
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 42736. p. 5807. 20 July 1962.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 46847. p. 3685. 11 March 1976.
  10. ^ Marriage registered in the Wirral Registration District in the first quarter of 1951.
  11. ^ , Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2011 accessed 13 Sept 2012Lloyd, (John) Selwyn Brooke, Baron Selwyn-Lloyd (1904–1978)D R Thorpe:
  12. ^ The Times (Thursday, 18 May 1978), p. 21.

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Alan Crosland Graham
Member of Parliament for The Wirral
19451976
Succeeded by
David Hunt
Preceded by
Dr Horace King
Speaker of the House of Commons
1971–1976
Succeeded by
George Thomas
Political offices
Preceded by
Harold Macmillan
Minister of Defence
1955
Succeeded by
Walter Monckton
Preceded by
Harold Macmillan
Foreign Secretary
1955–1960
Succeeded by
The Earl of Home
Preceded by
Derick Heathcoat Amory
Chancellor of the Exchequer
1960–1962
Succeeded by
Reginald Maudling
Preceded by
Iain Macleod
Leader of the House of Commons
1963–1964
Succeeded by
Herbert Bowden
Preceded by
Edward Heath
Lord Privy Seal
1963–1964
Succeeded by
The Earl of Longford
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